Analyze one political and one economic benefit of the industrial revolution

Analyze one political and one economic benefit of the industrial revolution. In recent times, the term “Industrial Revolution” refers to the transition of the economy from one based on agriculture and handicraft to one that is dominated by industry and the production of machines.

These advances in technology ushered in whole new methods of working and living, which in turn had a profound impact on society. The beginning of this process may be traced back to Britain in the 18th century, and from there it quickly expanded to other regions of the globe. Arnold Toynbee (1852–83), an English economic historian, is credited with being the first to popularize the phrase “Industrial Revolution,” despite the fact that it had been used earlier by French authors.

analyze one political and one economic benefit of the industrial revolution
analyze one political and one economic benefit of the industrial revolution

Toynbee adopted the word to characterize Britain’s economic progress from 1760 to 1840. Since the time of Toynbee, the concept of “development” has come to be understood more generally as a process of economic change rather than as a specific amount of time spent in a certain location.

This helps to explain why some regions, such as China and India, did not begin their first industrial revolutions until the 20th century, but other regions, such as the United States and western Europe, started their “second” industrial revolutions as early as the late 19th century.

The next section will provide a concise overview of the Industrial Revolution. Please refer to the article on “Europe, history of: The Industrial Revolution” for a comprehensive account of the Industrial Revolution as it took place in Europe

Analyze one political and one economic benefit of the industrial revolution

Analyze one political and one economic benefit of the industrial revolution
Analyze one political and one economic benefit of the industrial revolution

The three most important aspects of society—technological, social, and cultural—were at the center of the Industrial Revolution. The following are examples of the changes brought about by technology: (1) the use of new fundamental materials, most notably iron and steel; (2) the use of new energy sources, including both fuels and motive power, such as coal, the steam engine, electricity, petroleum, and the internal-combustion engine; (3) the invention of new machines, such as the spinning jenny and the power loom, which permitted increased production with a smaller expenditure of human energy; and (4) a new organization of work known as the factory system, which entailed increased division of labor. These four factors These advances in technology made it feasible for an enormously expanded use of natural resources as well as the manufacturing of manufactured products on a massive scale.
There were also a lot of new advances in fields that were not related to industry, such as the following: (2) Economic changes that resulted in a wider distribution of wealth, the decline of land as a source of wealth in the face of rising industrial production, and increased international trade, (1) Agricultural advancements that made it possible to provide food for a larger non-agricultural population, (2) Economic changes that resulted in a wider distribution of wealth, (1) Agricultural advancements that made it possible to provide food for a larger non-agricultural population, and (1) sweeping social changes, such as the growth of cities, the development of working-class movements, and the emergence of new patterns of authority; broad-ordered cultural shifts; and political shifts that reflect the shift in economic power and correspond to the needs of an industrialized society. These five factors contributed to the development of industrial society. Workers developed new and unique abilities, and their relationship to the jobs they were assigned changed. Rather than being artisans who worked with hand tools, they transitioned into machine operators and were subject to the factory’s discipline. In the end, there was a shift in one’s mental state, which manifested as an increased confidence in one’s capacity to make use of resources and to exert control over nature.

What Did It Mean When the Industrial Revolution Happened?

During the late 1700s and the early 1800s, an era characterized by significant industrialization and invention was known as the Industrial Revolution. The first stirrings of what would become known as the Industrial Revolution may be traced back to Great Britain.
It is generally accepted that the American Industrial Revolution, also known as the Second Industrial Revolution, began at some point between the years 1820 and 1870. This era saw the automation of agriculture and the production of textiles, as well as a revolution in power that included steamships and railways, all of which had an impact on the social conditions, cultural norms, and economic circumstances of the time.

The Industrial Revolution had both positive and negative effects on society.

The United States government assisted private industry by imposing tariffs, or levies on imported items, which made domestically produced goods, such as steel, more competitively priced against their international counterparts. During the time of the American Industrial Revolution, steel costs were much lower, which supported the building of infrastructure such as railways and bridges.

Examples Taken From the Real World

Samuel Slater is credited for bringing British manufacturing techniques to the United States, which led to the construction of the first cotton mill. The water provided the electricity for the mill, which in turn brought industry and trade to the region. In the years that followed, a great number more mills and factories were constructed making use of the same technology.

The first transcontinental railroad was finished in 1869, and its completion was a significant achievement for the United States of America because it made it possible to carry commodities, people, and raw resources across the whole country.

In addition, during the time of the American Industrial Revolution, Samuel Morse invented the telegraph. This device allowed for the country as a whole to communicate with one another by sending electric signals across a wire. While Alexander Graham Bell developed the telephone, Andrew Carnegie was responsible for the construction of the first steel mills in the United States.

The best way to define the Industrial Revolution is as follows:

The agricultural economy gave way to the industrial economy brought on by the Industrial Revolution. In this new economy, things were no longer created only by hand but also by machines. This resulted in higher levels of production and efficiency, decreased prices, a rise in the quantity of commodities available, increasing earnings, and migration from rural to urban regions.

A Quick Answer to the Question: What Was the Industrial Revolution?

The first Industrial Revolution started somewhere in the middle to late 1700s in Great Britain. This occurred when innovations in manufacturing led to the production of commodities in vast numbers owing to the manufacture of machines. This phenomenon extended all over the world, and in the latter half of the 1800s, the United States saw the beginning of the Second Industrial Revolution, which was characterized by more technological advances that led to increased productivity.

When did the beginning of the Industrial Revolution take place?

The beginning of the first Industrial Revolution may be traced back to the latter part of the 18th century, but the beginning of the Second Industrial Revolution can be located in the late 19th century.

What Three Factors Contributed to the Beginning of the Industrial Revolution?

Changes in technology, such as the use of iron and steel, newly discovered forms of energy, such as coal and steam, and the establishment of the factory system, resulted in the division of labor and specialization, both of which contributed to an increase in productivity.

What Were the Three Most Significant Discoveries Made During the Age of Industrialization?

The steam engine, the spinning jenny, and the telegraph are considered to be the three most significant innovations that came out of the first phase of the Industrial Revolution. The combustion engine, electricity, and the lightbulb are generally regarded as the three most significant innovations that came out of the Second Industrial Revolution.

Advantages

During the time of the Industrial Revolution, there was a rise in the number of available jobs. The wages that manufacturers paid were far greater than the wages that people made working on farms. The proliferation of factories necessitated the hiring of extra managers and workers in order to run them, leading to an increase in both the number of available employment and the average salary.

People moved to urban regions in pursuit of employment since the majority of the industries and big firms were situated close to the cities. As a result, the available housing supply in metropolitan areas was often overwhelmed. Because of this, city planning saw considerable advancements as a result.

An increase in creativity led to increased levels of motivation and education, which in turn led to the development of a number of ground-breaking technologies that are still utilized today. The sewing machine, the X-ray, the lightbulb, the computer, and anesthesia are some examples of these innovations.

The United States saw the first combustible engine, incandescent light bulb, and modern assembly line in use in manufacturing as a direct result of the innovations made during the Industrial Revolution. The Industrial Revolution brought about changes in people’s methods of labor, the technology at their disposal, and even the locations of their homes. It made life easy for many people, despite the fact that working circumstances for employees remained intolerable, which finally led to the emergence of labor unions, which ultimately led to better working conditions and fair salaries.

Disadvantages

During the time of the Industrial Revolution, there were many improvements made; yet, the quick pace of growth led to several problems. Because people were leaving their farms to find better paying jobs in industries, there was a decrease in the amount of food that was produced.

The dramatic rise in the number of manufacturers contributed to a rise in the amount of pollution in metropolitan areas. It wasn’t only the manufacturers that contributed to the pollution problem; as more people moved to the cities, the living conditions deteriorated as a result of the urban resources being taxed beyond their capacity.

In some places, raw sewage was allowed to run freely through the streets, while other communities allowed trash from companies to be deposited into rivers. In the past, water sources were not subjected to the same rigorous testing and regulation as they are now. As a direct consequence of this, rules and laws have been created in order to safeguard the populace.

Because the Industrial Revolution offered an incentive to enhance profits, working conditions in factories worsened as a direct consequence of this drive. It became the norm to work for long hours with little pay and take few breaks during the day. There was a big problem with child labor. Many of the manufacturing employees had health problems, which contributed to the growth of the labor movement throughout the United States.

The first Industrial Revolution

Between the years 1760 and 1830, the scope of the Industrial Revolution was almost entirely restricted to the island nation of Britain. The British government, fully aware of their competitive advantage, instituted a ban on the export of industrial processes, skilled personnel, and equipment. The British monopoly was doomed to fail in the long run for a number of reasons, not the least of which was the fact that some British citizens saw lucrative economic prospects elsewhere, while businesspeople from continental Europe looked for ways to bring British know-how to their nations. By establishing machine factories in Liège around the year 1807, two Englishmen by the names of William and John Cockerill introduced the Industrial Revolution to Belgium. As a result, Belgium was the first nation in continental Europe to undergo an industrial transformation. Iron, coal, and textile production were at the heart of the Belgian Industrial Revolution, just as they were in the preceding British one.
Industrialization took place in France at a slower pace and to a lesser extent than it did in either Britain or Belgium. France was in the midst of its Revolution at the same time as Britain was establishing its industrial leadership; the country’s precarious political status precluded major expenditures in industrial advancements. By the year 1848, France had emerged as a major industrial power; nevertheless, although experiencing significant expansion during the Second Empire, it continued to lag behind Britain.
Other European nations had a significant distance to make up. Their bourgeoisie did not have the same level of wealth, influence, or opportunity as their counterparts in the United Kingdom, France, or Belgium. The political climate in the other countries also acted as a barrier to the growth of the industrial sector. For instance, despite having large reserves of coal and iron, Germany did not start expanding its industrial capacity until until the year 1870, when the country had attained national unity. Once it got started, Germany’s industrial output expanded at such a quick rate that by the turn of the century, that country had surpassed Britain in terms of its production of steel and had established itself as the leader in the chemical industries worldwide. The growth of industrial power in the United States throughout the 19th and 20th centuries likewise much surpassed the efforts made in Europe during the same time periods. In addition, Japan participated in the Industrial Revolution and achieved remarkable success.
Early on in the 20th century, eastern European nations lagged behind their western European counterparts. It wasn’t until they started implementing their five-year plans that the Soviet Union became a significant industrial power. This allowed them to accelerate the process of industrialization that had previously taken Britain more than 150 years to complete. Around the middle of the 20th century, countries like China and India, which had not been industrialized up until that point, began to experience the effects of the Industrial Revolution.
Significant shifts in social norms and values were ushered in as a result of the Industrial Revolution’s economic and technical developments. It seemed to worsen the workers’ precarious financial situations in the first phases of its implementation. They were forced to rely on expensive means of production that very few people could afford to acquire in order to maintain their work and way of life. There was a lack of job security, since employees were regularly made redundant as a result of technology advancements and a vast labor pool. Due to the absence of labor rights and laws, workers were forced to put in long hours for little pay, endure housing conditions that were deplorable, and face exploitation and abuse on the job. But even as new issues surfaced, new concepts emerged with the intention of resolving those issues. These concepts inspired technologies and regulatory changes that not only made people’s lives easier in terms of material comforts but also made it possible for them to create more, travel more quickly, and communicate more quickly.

The second Industrial Revolution

Even though there was a great deal of overlap with the “old” Industrial Revolution, there is growing evidence that a “new” Industrial Revolution occurred in the late 19th and early 20th centuries. In terms of the materials used in production, modern industry started to make use of various natural and synthetic resources that had not been used in the past. These resources included lighter metals, rare earths, new alloys, and synthetic goods such as plastics, in addition to new energy sources. The combination of these factors, together with advances in machinery, tools, and computer technology, resulted in the birth of the automated factory. Although many sectors of industry were nearly entirely automated in the early to middle of the 19th century, the second half of the 20th century was the first time that automatic operation, as opposed to the assembly line, acquired substantial importance.
Alterations were also made to the ownership structure of the means of production. Purchase of common stocks by individuals and by institutions such as insurance companies led to a wider distribution of ownership during the Industrial Revolution, which occurred from the early to the middle of the 19th century. This occurred as a result of the oligarchical ownership of the means of production that existed during this time period. In the first half of the 20th century, several European nations socialized fundamental aspects of their economy. Instead of the laissez-faire ideas that dominated the economic and social thought of the classical Industrial Revolution, governments in general moved into the social and economic realm to meet the needs of their more complex industrial societies. This change in political theory occurred during that time period. Beginning in the 1980s, that tendency started to go in the other direction in both the United States and the United Kingdom.

FAQ: Analyze one political and one economic benefit of the industrial revolution

What are some political and economic advantages that came about as a result of the Industrial Revolution?

The agricultural economy gave way to the industrial economy brought on by the Industrial Revolution. In this new economy, things were no longer created only by hand but also by machines. This resulted in higher levels of production and efficiency, decreased prices, a rise in the quantity of commodities available, increasing earnings, and migration from rural to urban regions.

What kind of political advantages did the Industrial Revolution bring about?

The American Industrial Revolution had significant political repercussions, the most notable of which were the ascent of the United States to the position of preeminent economic power on a global scale, the collision of traditional culture and modern progress, and the passage of labor-related legislation.

What are five positive effects that resulted from the Industrial Revolution?

As a result of the industrial revolution, the quality of structures constructed after that time improved. It was no longer necessary to use a horse for transportation. The clothes we wear may be of higher quality and we wouldn’t have to make them at home. It is becoming more cost effective to make food goods.

What were the repercussions of the Industrial Revolution in terms of the economy, society, and politics?

Rapid urbanization, sometimes known as the migration of people to cities, was a direct result of the Industrial Revolution. Large numbers of people left their rural homes and settled in urban areas as a result of changes in agricultural practices, skyrocketing population growth, and an ever-increasing need for laborers. The coal and iron mines in the area gave rise to the rapid urbanization of the surrounding local towns.

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