Following the Civil War, the United States grew into an industrial powerhouse. Many new businesses arose, including petroleum refining, steel manufacture, and electrical power generation. Railroads greatly expanded, integrating even the most distant sections of the country into the national market economy.
When the Civil War ended in 1865, the country entered a period of Reconstruction to aid in the rebuilding of the country. Many tiny white farmers, who had been plunged into poverty by the war, turned to small-scale cotton cultivation during Reconstruction.
Many Southerners faced the most arduous challenge of all: replacing slavery with a new labor structure. The country grew increasingly urbanized, and the economy turned away from agriculture and toward business. As the country became more industrialized, several cities developed.
As railroad networks permitted countrywide transportation, the railroad sector stimulated industrialisation. Massive migrations were encouraged by the emergence of large industry in the north. Industrialization’s changes and expansion in the late nineteenth century had predominantly negative consequences for American culture, including a loss of labor pride, economic devastation, poverty, and political corruption.
The Gilded Age was fuelled by large-scale manufacturing, which was accompanied by major technical advancements, increasing communication networks, and pro-business government policies. Consumption, marketing, and company consolidation were all important aspects of this trend.
Government investments in transportation and communication systems opened up new markets in America, while technical advancements and revamped financial and managerial structures, such as monopolies, tried to optimize the utilization of natural resources and the rising labor force.
Machine development enabled mass manufacture of commodities. Prices fell as a result of technical breakthroughs; agricultural innovations resulted in lower food prices; mining advancements resulted in lower fuel and lighting costs; and mass manufacturing of commodities resulted in lower living expenses. These historical figures demonstrate how technological developments fueled economic expansion, lowering the cost of various goods.
Large manufacturing enterprises arose as a consequence of new technology breakthroughs and economic expansion. Robber barons, a new class of very rich businessmen and owners that included Andrew Carnegie, John Rockefeller, and J.P. Morgan, were the primary proprietors of these political machinery. Through their money, these businessmen affected the political system.
As employees demanded better wages and working conditions, union membership grew.
Laissez-faire government policy.
Millions of freshly arriving immigrants and considerably bigger numbers of migrants from rural regions formed the work force that enabled industrialisation. Society in the United States has become more varied than it has ever been. Not everyone benefited from the period’s economic boom.
Because the United States had a large supply of raw materials, motivated workers to fight for industrialization, and businesspeople willing to invest in enterprises, it was able to achieve industrialisation success.
https://bowie1983book.com/ will answer evaluate the effects of industrialization on u.s. society in the years 1865 to 1900.