The Western Schism, also known as the Great Schism or the Great Western Schism, was a period of time in the history of the Roman Catholic Church that lasted from 1378 until 1417.
During this time, there were two and later three rival popes, each of whom had his own following, his own Sacred College of Cardinals, and his own administrative offices.
In 1414, in response to pressure from the emperor Sigismund, John convoked the Council of Constance, which resulted in his deposition, accepted the resignation of the pope of Rome, Gregory XII, and rejected the claims of the pope of Avignon, Benedict XIII.
This chain of happenings paved the ground for the election of Martin V in November 1417, which ultimately resulted in the conclusion of the schism.
In what ways did the Great Schism affect the practise of Catholicism?
The principal impact that the Great Schism had on Catholicism was that it caused the Church to “split in two,” with one half developing into what is now known as Eastern Orthodoxy and the other half developing into what is now known as Roman Catholicism.
In what ways did the Great Schism affect the practise of Catholicism? The Great Schism that occurred in 1054 resulted in a division that remains to this day between the Eastern Orthodox Church and the Catholic Church.
The Great Schism that occurred between 1378 and 1417 resulted in a loss of faith in the leadership of the Catholic church, which ultimately led to the Reformation.
The restoration of the pope to Rome under Gregory XI on January 17, 1377 ended the Avignon Papacy, which had established a reputation for corruption that separated substantial portions of western Christendom. This event led to the division in the Western Roman Church.
The most significant result of the Great Schism was the establishment of two distinct churches, namely the Western Catholic Church and the Eastern Orthodox Church, the latter of which had its headquarters in Constantinople.
It was permitted for members of the Eastern Church to marry. The language of the Eastern Church was Greek, and its members held the belief that the patriarch served as the only leader of a particular region.
The Western world believes that the Pope is the spiritual head of all Christians. These disparities were a contributing factor in the major split.
As a result of the division that occurred in the Western Roman Church in the year 1378, there was a period when there were three persons who claimed to be the legitimate pope at that time.
This, of course, led to some problems since all of these individuals were steadfast in their opinions. As a consequence of this, the pope’s credibility was called into doubt.
The Papacy of Avignon was abolished, and the seat of the Pope was moved back to Rome. This resulted in constant fighting between two opposing groups—those who were against having a pope based in Avignon and those who supported having a pope based in Rome.
This conflict had an effect on the Catholic Church as well. The Council of Constance, which began meeting in 1414 and continued for another four years, was responsible for resolving all of these issues.
The Great Schism caused the primary branch of Christianity to separate into two distinct branches: the Roman Catholic Church and the Eastern Orthodox Church.
They continue to this day to be the two most significant branches of Christianity. On July 16, 1054, Michael Cerularius, the Patriarch of Constantinople, was excommunicated from the Christian church that was established in Rome, which is located in Italy.
The Western Schism has been a source of division within the Roman Catholic Church ever since it began in 1378. During this time, the church saw the terrible results of a double election.
Due to the fact that the adherents of the two popes were mostly split along national lines, the dual papacy contributed to the political rivalries that were prevalent at that era.
The ripple effects caused by the great schism
Although the Schism of 1378 did have some ramifications in the near term, it did not have any significant repercussions in the longer term.
In the near term, it fractured the Church into several groups, each led by a self-proclaimed pope and claiming to be the legitimate leader of the Church.
Personalities and political allegiances were the driving forces for the split, with the pope of Avignon being strongly tied with the king of France.
The prestige of the post was lowered as a result of these competing claims to the papal throne. Since 1309, the seat of the papacy had been located at Avignon; however, Pope Gregory XI relocated the seat to Rome in 1377.