The Estates-General was a gathering of the three estates (clergy, nobility, and everyone else) that the French King could convene, and it was famously and infamously convened in 1789 out of a frantic need to enact changes that would prevent France from falling bankrupt. It eventually accomplished nothing of the kind, and its proclamation is often regarded as the beginning of the French Revolution.
The first and second estates were privileged, while the third estate was not . The third estate desired additional advantages (most populated):
The Third Estate accounted for almost 97 percent of the population. The economic situations of the three groups that made up this estate were vastly different.
Bankers, factory owners, merchants, professionals, and skilled craftsmen made comprised the bourgeoisie or middle class. They were often highly educated and held firm to the Enlightenment values of liberty and equality.
Despite the fact that some members of the bourgeoisie were as wealthy as lords, they were subject to enormous taxes and, like the rest of the Third Estate, lacked privileges. Many people believed that their riches entitles them to higher social position and political influence.
The Second Estate’s second and poorest category was the laborers of France’s cities. Tradespeople, apprentices, laborers, and domestic staff were among the urban workforce. They were paid meager pay and were regularly laid off, so they went hungry. If the price of bread rises, hordes of these laborers may assault grain wagons and bakeries, stealing what they need.
Peasants made up the majority of the Third Estate, accounting for more than 80% of France’s 26 million people. Dues to nobility, tithes to the Church, and taxes to the king’s agents accounted for nearly half of a peasant’s income.
They even paid tariffs on simple necessities like salt. The clergy and nobility were despised by peasants and the urban poor for their privileges and preferential treatment. The Third Estate, which was highly taxed and dissatisfied, was hungry for change.
Other reasons, in addition to rising dissatisfaction among the lower classes, contributed to France’s revolutionary attitude. New notions about governance, major economic issues, and indecisive and weak leadership all contributed to a yearning for change.
This assembly was made up of three estates: clergy, nobility, and commoners, and it had the authority to vote on new taxes and changes for the kingdom. The French Revolution began on May 5, 1789, with the inauguration of the Estates General in Versailles.
Because they paid all of the government’s taxes, the members of the Third Estate were dissatisfied with the current situation. Furthermore, they were not entitled to any of the advantages that the clergy and nobility enjoyed. Every necessary item was subjected to taxes.
What is the Third Estate, according to What is the Third Estate? Commoners, Sieyès claimed, made up the majority of the country and performed the majority of the labor; they were the nation. He encouraged Third Estate members to seek a constitution and more political participation.
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