Because the sciences, particularly the natural sciences, were long thought to be separated from society and culture , their profound interpenetration with society and culture remains unexpected and, in some circles, contentious.
Historians, sociologists, and anthropologists of science have identified several ways in which society and culture factors have influenced the progress of science and technology in recent decades.
Science and technology have improved thanks to the efforts of many different individuals from many cultures and eras throughout history.
For example, virology is now receiving a lot of attention and investment. Culture also has an impact on how science and technology are developed: what techniques are favoured, how rigorous the development procedures are, how soon and what kinds of outcomes should be produced, and how progress reports are written and communicated.
Culture influences everything we do, including the advancement of science and technology. Scientists act differently in various places of the globe due to cultural influences. Working on technology development in China, Germany, America, or Brazil might be quite different.
Science and technology, on the other hand, transcend all national borders and appeal to what all people share, regardless of country, local culture, or degree of development.
As a result, there is no local effect on scientific and technological goods. Science and technology are ubiquitous, with some of its products lasting for millennia.
Society influences how its resources are allocated to finance scientific research, favoring certain types of study while discouraging others. Similarly, scientists are directly impacted by society’s interests and needs, and they often orient their study toward areas that will benefit society.
At times, society impacts technical advancement, which in turn effects society. In Japan, a hot-food vending machine. Because of Japan’s compact residences and cash-based culture, many vending machines in Japan heat up frozen food and give it to customers.
Science, Technology, and Society (STS) is an interdisciplinary discipline that explores the factors that lead to the creation, dissemination, and application of scientific knowledge and technological systems, as well as the effects of these activities on various groups of people.
Culture, in one sense, is a collective pattern of thought that separates one group from another. The primary aim of scientific culture is to convert primitive thinking into logical thinking, and subsequently into scientific thinking.
https://bowie1983book.com/ will answer how do society and culture influence the development of science and technology?