World War II served as a crucible for Filipinos, the ultimate test for the individual and the country, a test of the efficiency of institutions of government and religion, a test of trust in truth, justice, and freedom, in fact, a test of all the beliefs Filipinos.
World War II was a national event felt by every Filipino of every age in every populated part of the island, lasting from December 1941 to August 1945. And what are the causes and effects of world war 2 in the philippines
The attacks on Pearl Harbor and the Philippines were designed to protect Japan’s advance south to take the oil and natural riches of Southeast Asia and the Dutch East Indies. The plan was to pave the way for US soldiers in the Philippines. The fighter bases were critical targets. If the Japanese could take down the P-40s, they would be able to operate freely against the remaining defenders. During the rainy season, only two landing strips in the Philippines could handle heavy bombers.
During World War II, Japanese troops occupied the Philippines, resulting in at least two situations that would have long-term consequences for the Filipino people.
First, the seizure of the national territory by hostile foreign soldiers sparked the resistance movement, emphasizing the people’s need to protect their territory and their acceptance of the necessity to sacrifice life and wealth in order to maintain both land and sovereignty.
Second, the scarcity of staples and commodities essential to a decent living resulted in the degradation of the people and the loss of moral and ethical standards, laying the groundwork for a culture of corruption.
To expound on the first requirement, the interloper’s possession of their own land was a raw point on the Filipino psyche. The Japanese did not seem to be aware of this when they initially landed on December 10, 1941, at Vigan, Ilocos Sur, and Atimonan, Tayabas. They’d find out soon enough, clearly, to their eternal chagrin, how painful a location it was.
What the American allies did not foresee was the fury and intensity of the Filipino reaction to the invasion. From the sense of loss when superior troops overran the nation until the ultimate fight for liberty, the Filipinos conducted a guerilla war against the intruder who refused to negotiate a ceasefire.
The guerrilla movement spread across the Philippines, uniting people despite differences in language, religion, culture, custom, and tradition. It was really national in both form and content.
The guerrilla effort had the strategic impact of stranding dozens of Japanese infantry divisions in the islands, which would otherwise have been utilized to attack other territories. The Filipino resistance movement’s contribution to the Allies’ victory in World War II has not been properly quantified, although it was undoubtedly critical to the Allied cause. It may have proved pivotal in the end.
How crucial it was for the Filipino psyche is also unknown, since the guerilla warrior became a permanent feature on the Philippine stage. World War II ended, but the guerrilla war in the Philippines continues to this day, but the combatants may now be fighting for or against specific causes, the nature of which may perplex many Filipinos.
The truth remains that the Filipino people were unified in their opposition to the Japanese during World War II in a way that no other reason could. It was the common cause that united the country, something José Rizal could only dream of when he founded the Liga Filipina in 1892. No other factor drew the disjointed archipelago together like anger of the intruder. From Batanes to Sulu, they portrayed a unified Filipino face, albeit operating individually and autonomously.
This was the Holocaust’s legacy. It produced a new feeling of Filipinoness.
Concerning the second condition mentioned earlier, the Japanese in the Philippines during World War II subjected the indigenous people to a moral degradation from which they hardly ever recovered due to their brutality and rapacity, the bankruptcy of its values as an occupation force, and the subhuman conduct of its occupying troops.
Without the moral imperatives of the Spanish who vowed to bring Christ to the heathens alongside their armed forces, or the social philosophies of the Americans who purported to bring hygiene to the unwashed, the Japanese identified themselves to the subject peoples as nothing more than brigands out to rape and pillage, and thus, clearly and unmistakably, as the enemy.
The Japanese occupation in these islands was so cruel during WWII that the Filipinos evolved an immensely broad repertory of punitive deeds against it, ranging from mockery and disdain expressed via word or gesture to the unrelenting guerilla warfare that would eternally scar the region.
Any anti-Japanese speech or action was patriotic, and hence desired; indeed, admirable. In regular times, ordinary environments, and ordinary lifestyles, these activities would elicit opprobrium and criticism from the typical Filipino. But, since the Japanese system was so thoughtless and devoid of conscience, and the Filipino reaction was so unaccommodating, those spiteful behaviors were acceptable and, sadly, engrained in the collective morality of the people.
Chronic shortages of essential supplies resulted from wartime circumstances. The lack of basic comforts and the people’s despair in the face of a situation that offered no hope led to deeds that would have been deemed abhorrent in any civilized culture, but under the circumstances many Filipinos suddenly found themselves in, became essential, and even patriotic.
Thus arose the phenomena of the saboteur, vandal, looter, and profiteer who used scarcity to take his toll, the squatter who mocked all claims to property, and, worst of all, the traitor typified by the makapili who would betray any person and any cause for lucre. These became permanent in the Philippines, in business, politics, and in every aspect of society.
The enemy eventually surrendered and fled the country, but these occurrences remained.
The bomb and shell ruins may be repaired, and the painful memories may fade, but the human debris of a horrific war has become part of the Philippine landscape.
By the conclusion of the war, the Philippines had suffered massive casualties and physical ruin. An estimated 1 million Filipinos were slain, a major fraction of them were slaughtered in the closing months of the war, and Manila was severely destroyed.
The Japanese had some effect on the Philippines. They have shared inter-ethnic interactions, territorial disputes, maritime wars, and diplomacy throughout their lengthy history.
The most significant incident that may have precipitated the Revolution was the execution publicly by garrote of three Filipino secular priests, leaders in the drive for the secularization (in effect, nationalization) of Philippine parishes, on February 17, 1872.
During WWII, at least 250,000 Filipinos fought with American soldiers. After the infamous Bataan Death March in April 1942 and the evacuation of most US soldiers, the battle against the Japanese was primarily left to locals.
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