-what did the u.s. and its allies want during the korean war? how did they try to meet their goals?
-The communist North Korean invasion of South Korea began in June of 1950. The United States of America led an international coalition of more than a dozen nations that went to South Korea’s help under the auspices of the United Nations.
-In November of 1950, Communist China entered the war on the side of North Korea, which resulted in China launching a huge ground assault on American soldiers. In addition, the Soviet Union provided clandestine help for North Korea.
-After three years of combat, the war came to an end in a standstill with the boundary between North and South Korea being very close to where it had been at the outset of the conflict.
-This was the first major conflict to arise during the Cold War, and it was during this conflict that the United States displayed its unwavering dedication to containment (the idea that the US would ultimately defeat communism by containing its spread).
Following the conclusion of the Second World War and the liberation of Korea from Japanese authority, the United States and the Soviet Union reached an agreement to provisionally split Korea along the 38th parallel of latitude, which is located north of the equator. As a consequence of this divide, two nations came into existence: communist North Korea, which was backed by the Soviets, and South Korea (supported by the United States).
Kim Il Sung, the communist leader of North Korea, made the decision to try to reunify Korea under his rule five years after the nation was divided into two separate halves. On June 25, 1950, Kim unexpectedly invaded South Korea and took control of the country.
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Because they were under the impression that the Soviet Union had provided support for the invasion, President Harry Truman of the United States and his advisors continued to adhere to their policy of containment. They did not let communism to expand to any other part of the globe. Within two days after the invasion, the United States was successful in getting a statement of support for South Korea from the United Nations Security Council. A coalition of the United Nations headed by the United States deployed to South Korea.
By the month of August, North Korean troops had taken control of practically the whole South Korean peninsula, and American forces controlled just a tiny defensive line in the southeast of the nation, close to Busan. However, in September, the United States mounted a daring counter-attack under the leadership of General Douglas MacArthur. This assault featured an audacious amphibious invasion in territory controlled by North Korean troops at Inchon, which is located on the western coast of South Korea. The North Koreans were quickly driven back to the border at the 38th parallel by the troops of the United States.
After that, the Truman administration came to the conclusion that it was in its best interest to cross the 38th parallel and enter North Korea. But toward the end of November in 1950, as United States forces approached the border with China, communist Chinese leaders—afraid that the United States might invade—sent tens of thousands of Chinese soldiers streaming into North Korea. This drove United States and United Nations forces southward, back across the 38th parallel, where they had originally crossed.
The United States military had once again advanced to the 38th parallel by the spring of 1951. In the spring of the same year, President Truman terminated General MacArthur’s employment after MacArthur openly criticized the administration’s approach. The next two years were marked by times of intense conflict; yet, the border was not breached. In 1953, a status quo antebellum boundary was created along the border that had first split North and South Korea via the implementation of an armistice. [What does status quo antebellum mean?]
Even today, the highly fortified DMZ (Demilitarized Zone) that spans a distance of about 3.5 kilometers and divides North and South Korea is still in place.
During the conflict, around 36,500 American troops were killed, in addition to hundreds of thousands of soldiers and civilians from both North Korea and South Korea, as well as from coalition forces.
The United States has shown that it will continue to be committed to essential components of its Cold War policy through its actions in Korea. It did so by devoting its resources and men to the struggle against the further spread of communism, therefore demonstrating its leadership on a worldwide scale. The United States of America further demonstrated its commitment to a foreign policy that is founded on the principle of collective security by encouraging other nations to provide political and military support for its stance.
The United States of America put into practice the principles outlined in the Truman Doctrine throughout its involvement in the Korean War. This doctrine guaranteed American assistance to “free peoples of the globe” who resisted communist expansionism. Even though the war was ultimately unsuccessful, the United States and its allies were able to stop the communist regime in South Korea from seizing control of the country.
, Individual Owner at My Own Studio (2016-present)
The United States has accomplished the least important of its strategic goals in the Korean Conflict. South Korea has been protected, and the border has, for the most part, reverted to the condition it was in before the war. However, in accordance with the strategic strategy devised by General Douglas MacArthur, the Korean War was expanded into northeast China and blockaded the coastline districts of China. Clearly, MacArthur’s policy was not successful in being implemented by the United States military.
The United States was a total loser in the Vietnam War, which was also a pointless conflict. The only thing that was accomplished was the burial of a large number of dead American service members in Vietnam. Mistakes in the strategic choices made before the conflict were to blame for all of the setbacks.
Both both the Korean War and the Vietnam War, the United States was unable to achieve victory because its adversaries were not North Korea or Vietnam, but rather the Soviet Union and the PRC, who were supporting those countries.
Because of this, a few of decisive battles cannot define whether or not a war will be successful; instead, only wars of attrition and conflicts that last for a long time can do so.
However, if it turns into a battle of attrition and a drawn-out conflict, the supply line for logistics in the United States will be too lengthy. After all, the United States is not a nation in Asia.
Afghanistan is the location of the most recent failure. The United States military has been engaged in combat in Afghanistan for the last 20 years. Where does the United States stand now? What about the deaths of soldiers? Massive amounts spent on the military?
, former Vietnam Veteran (Medic USAF) (1968-1974)
A condensed account of the history of the Korean War and the political factors that surrounded it:
By 1950, the Soviet Union was unable to advance in Europe thanks to the establishment of NATO and the successful implementation of the Marshall Plan. They having effectively lost the cold war in Europe, were unable to make any additional territorial gains in that region, and thus made the decision to experiment with more aggressive tactics in Third World countries.
After elections sponsored by the United Nations in 1949, the United States withdrew from South Korea. However, it was made very apparent that they did not approve of the new dictatorial regime that Syngman Rhee had established. When they departed, they made sure that Syngman Rhee did not have the military power to do anything foolish, such as attempt to use military force to reunite his nation. They only provided our army with light weaponry, neither armor or artillery; we were also left without an air force or naval force.
The Soviet Union provided their ruler, Kim Il-sung, with cutting-edge excess Soviet World War II armor (the war having been ended for just five years at the time, and the armor was still cutting edge), and they gave Kim Il-sung the green light to invade South Korea. They believed that the North Korean Army would be able to conquer South Korea before the United States was able to do anything about it. They believed that the United States would then accept the situation as it was—similar to how they had handled Mao’s victory in China the previous year—and give the Soviet Union their victory as a form of compensation for losing in Europe.
Instead, Harry Truman authorized an immediate intervention by the United States military in his capacity as Commander in Chief, bypassing the need for Congress to discuss and approve the plan beforehand. It was a close call, but the ROK (South Korean Army) was able to slow down the invasion just enough to give the Americans the time they needed to redeploy their army of occupation from Japan and bring in reinforcements from the United States to the southern tip of the Korean Peninsula in order to prevent the North Korean Army from achieving a complete victory. After a long and difficult battle to get the situation under control, General MacArthur mounted a counterattack, landed at Inchon, and ultimately prevailed against the well-equipped North Korean Army in South Korea. Than MacArthur exceeded his power when he ordered the North Koreans to be pushed back beyond the 38th Parallel and then gave the go-ahead for the American soldiers to invade and free North Korea while they were in hot pursuit of them. Truman was dissatisfied with the choice that MacArthur had made, but it was too late to call them back.
The idea of freeing North Korea was just as abhorrent to the Soviet Union as it had been to the United States when the United States attempted to conquer South Korea. Worse yet, MacArthur was making comments about not stopping at the Yalu River but but diving into China and freeing it from Mao as well. This was a very worrying development. Concerned, the Soviets had little trouble persuading the Chinese to become involved in the conflict and prevent the United Nations and South Korean forces, who were sponsored by the United States, from invading North Korea.
MacArthur was under the impression that neither the Chinese nor the Soviets would risk intervening in the conflict. He was WRONG and was taken aback when the Chinese really did intervene in the conflict. At the Battle of Chosin Reservoir, which took place in the winter of 1950 in the extreme north of North Korea, he let his force become trapped by the Chinese Army and as a result, he suffered a significant loss. They were successful in battling their way out of the trap, but the Chinese Army was able to force the United Nations Army back almost halfway into South Korea. In the spring of 1951, the United Nations Army launched a counterattack and drove Chinese and North Korean troops back to the 38th Parallel. However, Truman gave the UN Army the order to halt fighting at that point. The parties have begun negotiating in an effort to come to an understanding on how to put a cease-fire into effect.
The Soviets took pleasure in seeing the United States and China wage war against one another, and they did all in their power to prevent a cease-fire from taking place. The war became a stalemate, very similar to the situation on the Western Front during World War I, because the Chinese and North Korean forces were unable to push the American and UN forces back, and the American and UN forces were prevented from pushing the Chinese and North Korean forces into North Korea due to political considerations.
It is true that the United States could have pushed the Communists back to the Yalu River by the spring of 1951. However, this would have resulted in an intervention by the Soviet Union and an expansion of the war into the countries that bordered the region, including Japan, China, and the Soviet Siberia. Furthermore, this could have led to a larger conflict that could have involved NATO in Europe. At the time, the threat of a nuclear war was quite serious due to the fact that the Soviet Union had just launched its first atomic weapon. As a result, the United States administration has restricted its reaction to the standoff to thwarting efforts by Chinese and North Korean troops to break the standstill and advance back into South Korea.
In the end, after Stalin passed away, the Soviets ceased exerting pressure on the Chinese to procrastinate, and they permitted the Chinese to negotiate the ceasefire that is still in place today, more than sixty years after it was first signed.
, B.A History, University of Illinois at Chicago (1971)
The United States was exhausted by its involvement in the war, and Eisenhower won the election in large part due to his promise to end it. The New York Times made the following observations. “Documents that were disclosed today offer information on a decision made by the administration of President Dwight D. Eisenhower in 1953 to use atomic weapons in North Korea and Communist China to finish the Korean War if necessary.
After the armistice was signed on July 27, 1953, the Eisenhower administration proceeded to formulate preparations for the use of nuclear weapons in the event that the Communists resumed the war that the North Koreans had begun in 1950. This was done on the day that the armistice was signed.
As President Eisenhower took office in January 1953, negotiations for a cease-fire had already dragged on for two years, and the war had already settled into a standoff, with casualties being incurred but with no change in the front line, which to this day still separates North and South Korea. During this time, the war had settled into a standoff, with casualties being incurred, but with no change in the front line.
It is not a revelation that the administration of Dwight D. Eisenhower considered the possibility of using nuclear weapons. In his memoirs, President Eisenhower describes how he came into office ready to make use of them if it were essential to do so in order to break the impasse. What is new in the two thousand pages of records that have now been made public is the high degree of preparation and the depth of conversation around the prospective use of these weapons, as well as Mr. Eisenhower’s involvement in overcoming reluctance to use them.
During the Korean War, what were the goals of the United States and its allies? How did they plan to accomplish what they set out to do? They engaged in a hostile competition and exchanged threats to deploy nuclear weapons.
The American forces, along with those from other nations, were fighting in the Korean conflict with the intention of shielding South Korea from the influence of communism. This was the motivation behind their participation in the conflict. As soon as United Nations soldiers invaded Inchon, South Korea, the tide of the conflict immediately changed against the North Koreans. This was precipitated by the entrance of United Nations forces in South Korea.
In the beginning, the purpose of the struggle was to contain the war, which meant preventing it from extending to other parts of the world including Asia and Europe, as well as preventing the Soviet Union from allying themselves with the North Koreans. In the early stages of the conflict, the United Nations troops, who were commanded by General Douglas MacArthur, were able to successfully repel the offensive launched by North Korean forces.
Unification of Vietnam was a goal shared by both parties throughout this conflict. Bao and a great number of other people sought a Vietnam that had strong economic and cultural links to the West, in contrast to Ho and the people who supported him who wanted a country that was fashioned after other communist nations.
Was it prudent for the United States to become involved in the Korean War? What may have happened in the world if Harry S. Truman hadn’t been able to stop the spread of communism in Korea?
Do you believe that the military headed by the United States ought to have crossed into North Korea?