The development of railroads in the United States skyrocketed in the early 1870s. Approximately 45,000 miles of track had been constructed prior to 1871. Between 1871 and 1900, the nation’s expanding railroad system gained another 170,000 miles. The construction of transcontinental railways is responsible for most of the increase.
The Pacific Railway Act, approved by Congress in 1862, allowed the building of a transcontinental railroad. On May 10, 1869, the first of these railroads was built. By 1900, four more transcontinental railways had been built, connecting the eastern states to the Pacific Coast.
While the railroad’s construction was massive, its impact on the nation was as significant. The first transcontinental railroad—and the numerous subsequent transcontinental railroads that followed it—changed America in a variety of ways.
Prior to the railways, most people could only go as far as they could walk in a day. I believe it was around 15 miles.
It took 6 months to go across the nation before the railways. After that, you may be able to travel the nation in a week. It moves at a breakneck pace.
Job generation might be one of the benefits since the train could break down and someone would have to repair it. Another benefit is that supplies would be readily accessible in your community. Because there is transit from your city to another city, you might potentially connect with others. – Because training may spew smoke, there may be pollution issues. In addition, taking a train through your city may be rather noisy.
What were the railroad’s negative consequences?
As seen on the map, by 1890, there were 163,597 miles of train lines across the whole United States, which had both advantages and disadvantages, including land degradation, habitat loss, species extinction, and more.
What impact have trains had on cities?
The building of transcontinental railroads that united America and the communities that arose along this railroad was the most significant contribution to the rise of cities. Railways now continue to contribute to our economic progress by providing employment, expanding international commerce, and lowering transportation costs.
What is the environmental impact of railways?
The two most well-known railway disruptions are noise and vibration generated by trains passing past. Railways, on the other hand, are responsible for a significant quantity of emissions, including a broad variety of pollutants and poisonous compounds that have an impact on the environment, land, and water all over the globe.
Early in her reign, Queen Victoria was on a train to Windsor. The train was moving at a speed of 44 miles per hour. She requested that Albert instruct the engineer to slow down. Fear gave way to amazement as railways became more widely accepted.
Goods could be bought from Sears & Roebuck or Montgomery Ward and delivered within a few weeks thanks to the development of express services (Adams Express, Wells Fargo) (remember the Wells Fargo Wagon song from the Music Man (1962)). A railroad was responsible for putting a town on the map.
One disadvantage would be that hobos and bums who traveled the railways may end up in your community. A tough town marshal, on the other hand, would chase them out.
Trade. At rail heads and spots where the railways ran close cow drives and traveler pathways, whole villages popped up quite fast. Hotels, kitchens, mercantile shops, bars, brothels, and all kinds of support companies, as well as real estate, thrived in those early days.
Even while railways made life a little simpler, they were detrimental to the environment and people, resulting in the loss of natural resources, increased pollution in the air, and increased sickness, making it much more difficult to breathe in these circumstances.
It allowed for large-scale trade.
The railroad boosted international commerce by bringing western agricultural crops and raw materials to East Coast markets and manufactured products from East Coast cities to the West Coast.
Railroads save customers billions of dollars every year by decreasing energy consumption and pollution, lowering greenhouse gas emissions, reducing traffic bottlenecks, and lowering the exorbitant costs of highway development and maintenance for taxpayers. More employment and a healthier economy are associated with freight railways.
Railroads grew in popularity in the second part of the nineteenth century. The railways grew at a rate of 11 miles per day, and by the end of the 1800s, the United States had more railroads than the rest of the world combined. Cornelius Vanderbilt was the only person who owned a railroad that connected New York with the Great Lakes.
https://bowie1983book.com/ will answer what were the benefits and drawbacks of having a railroad run through your city in the 1800s?