The turn of the twentieth century was a time of great expansion for the United States. American citizens and leaders were eager to spread democracy and capitalism across the globe, but what were the specific reasons for this expansionism?
There are many reasons that have been proposed for American expansionism at the turn of the twentieth century, but there is no one answer that is universally accepted.
Some of the most commonly cited reasons for American expansionism include a desire to protect America’s economic interests, to promote democracy and capitalism, to expand America’s territory, and to protect America’s security.
Imperialists claimed that there was a diminishing amount of “free territory” on the western frontier, and that as a result, the United States needed to find new outlets for its energy and enterprise.
Imperialists used a racialized version of social Darwinism to justify their points of view.
The United States of America had a lot of links to Cuba and were concerned about the guerilla conflict on the island since it was inflicting massive losses to big American interests on the island. As a result, they want to seize control of Cuba.
Senator Henry M. Teller of Colorado drafted an amendment to the declaration of war in order to reassure anti-imperialist elements on the eve of declaring war on Spain. Congress adopted the measure, which pledged that the United States had no designs on remaining in Cuba following the conclusion of the conflict, nor did it have any intention to annex the island. reassured Americans that their country would uphold democracy abroad as well as at home.
It was up to Congress to determine whether or not to automatically grant citizenship to persons living in areas that were later acquired by the United States after a series of rulings handed down by the Supreme Court, which the Constitution proclaimed to be the highest court in the land. As a result, Puerto Rico, Guam, and the Philippines were categorized as colonies rather than potential future nations.
Orville Platt, a senator from Connecticut, was the one who brought this bill into being in March of 1901. The amendment gave the United States control of the naval base in Cuba known as Guantánamo Bay, guaranteed that the United States would intervene in Cuban affairs whenever it was deemed necessary by the United States, and prohibited Cuba from entering into treaty negotiations with any nation other than the United States. Abrogated in 1934, however Guantánamo Bay was kept as a leased territory by the United States.
Cuba was prevented from signing any new treaties with countries other than the United States, and the United States was granted the authority to engage in Cuban domestic matters as it saw proper.
It did this while also acknowledging Japan’s sovereignty over Manchuria and confirming the fundamentals of open oceanic trade.
the Canal de Panama (Panama)
The countries of Latin America were in severe financial distress and were unable to meet their financial obligations to European creditors. Roosevelt made the announcement that the United States would intervene and control the ports of those nations that were behind in paying their bills. The United States would also handle the collection of customs fees until the debts owed by Europe were fulfilled. The United States of America would serve as the international cops. An expansion of what is known as the Monroe Doctrine.
It inverted the principles of the Monroe doctrine, which had guaranteed that the United States would defend its allies against European aggression and assist in the administration of Caribbean affairs.
This is a term that is used to characterize the sensationalist writing that was common in newspapers throughout the late 19th and early 20th centuries. William Randolph Hearst was the most well-known yellow journalist of all time. Omissions and half-truths were examples of yellow journalism, which was thought to be contaminated journalism. It is reasonable to assert that the public’s ardor for war with Spain in 1898 was fanned, at least in part, by the press. It’s possible that public opinion on Cuban involvement would have been substantially different if there hadn’t been so many shocking headlines and articles regarding Cuban affairs. The United States of America emerged as an international power around the turn of the twentieth century, and the press in the United States demonstrated the extent of its impact.
Strong was a Protestant pastor who is credited with founding the movement known as the Social Gospel. He contended that the United States of America and its people were superior because they were of Anglo-Saxon descent, and as a result, it was their duty to civilize and Christianize the rest of the globe. Strong merged nativist principles with foreign economic and cultural expansionism in his book Our Country. As a result, the book became a successful seller and served as a reference point for expansionists who followed after Strong
At the start of the twentieth century, what were the motivations behind American expansionism, and how did Americans justify their desire to expand their nation’s borders? Imperialists claimed that there was a diminishing amount of “free territory” on the western frontier, and that as a result, new outlets for American energy and business needed to be discovered.
The following are some of the reasons why the United States wanted to exert its influence on other countries: (1) Economic (2) Military (3) Moral The key reason the United States increased its sphere of influence in other countries: For purely economic reasons, as the industrial revolution of the late 1800s boosted the need for commerce with other nations.
The expansion of American imperialism was driven by these three forces.
The industrialized countries compete economically with one another.
Political and military rivalry, including the development of a powerful naval force.
A point of view that holds the people of Anglo-Saxon heritage to be superior, both racially and culturally.
What arguments did anti-imperialists utilize quizlet?
What are some of the reasons that anti-imperialists use to argue against the expansion of the United States? Both moral and political, as well as racial and economic.
The truth is that they were under the impression that they had the authority to encourage modernization and export their cultural norms to other nations. This indicates that the barbarians they were colonizing should be brought into the modern world in any way and by whatever means possible.
Cassava provided native people with an inexpensive and straightforward method of feeding themselves, allowing them to fight back against colonial regimes that required them to do forced labor. Cassava and maize were branded by colonizers as “lazy” crops for locals who wished to escape hard labor, but in reality, these plants helped natives fight back against imperial rule. For example, activists.
Long periods of time were spent with Middle Eastern nations against European nations. The dominant forces in most Middle Eastern nations were religious leaders, and they were adamant about preventing Western influence from having an effect on their institutions. In the year 1831, Syria and Arabia engaged in a string of conflicts against Egypt in an effort to fight their powers and empire.
During the 16th and 17th centuries, a kind of imperialism known as “Old Imperialism” placed a primary emphasis on “Gold, Glory, and God” as the driving forces behind exploration. Stories of fabled cities of gold and promises of riches drove Europeans wandering all over the globe, primarily the Americas, ripping through local communities, and claiming territory for their countries. This resulted in the European conquest of the Americas.
In their view, imperialism was a violation of the basic premise that a legitimate republican government must arise from the “consent of the governed,” hence anti-imperialists took a stance against its spread. The League of Women Voters stated that engaging in such behavior would require the United States to give up its goals of self-government and non-intervention. These ideals…
However, judging by the norms of the time, the westward expansion was warranted. In terms of both their culture and their racial make-up, Americans were culturally and racially superior than Indians and Mexicans (this is the idea of Manifest Destiny). In addition, it was believed that might created right, and that the United States was justified in acquiring territory if it had the capacity to do so.
In the end, Native Americans were unsuccessful and were forced to live on reserves, which were often located on the poorest parts of land. Abolitionists, slave owners, and slaves were all impacted by Manifest Destiny in their own unique ways. Slavery was a contentious issue over whether newly acquired states and territories should continue to permit or outlaw the practice.
Manifest Destiny, in the eyes of certain historians, is only an excuse to act in an egotistical manner. They think that the United States of America exploited it as a pretext to give them permission to impose their way of life and beliefs on everyone else in North America. Many historians held the view that territorial expansion was both beneficial to the nation as a whole and the people’s constitutionally guaranteed right.
Expansionism in the United States throughout the latter half of the nineteenth century and the early part of the twentieth century had many parallels and distinctions with expansionism in the United States during earlier eras. In all instances of American expansionism, the Americans held the belief that expanding our boundaries was necessary in order to maintain the integrity of our nation’s political and economic systems. In addition, the people of the United States felt that their country, the United States of America, was the most powerful of all countries and that they had the ability to conquer any place they desired. In the 1840s, many believed in something called “manifest destiny,” and in the late 1800s and early 1900s, they believed in “Darwinism.” The United States of America made an effort to extend their empire beyond the oceans and into other regions of the globe, which was one of the many variances that existed in addition to the commonalities that existed.
The United States of America had a reputation throughout history for being a resolute country that was willing to do whatever it took to get what it desired. This was true in both instances of expansion, as the Americans put their country and the danger of war on the line for the purpose of acquiring more territory, or even just for the sake of establishing a point. The Native Americans and everyone else who lived on the area that the Americans desired to claim were driven out of the territory during the early years of colonization by the Americans. They were of the opinion that the land belonged to them by right, and that everyone else who lived there was trespassing on their property. This concept was carried through until the early years of the twentieth century, when the Americans were searching the seas for more land to add to their dominion. Document “E,” in which Senator Albert J. Beveridge delivers a speech to Congress, is an excellent illustration of this concept. In his remarks, Senator Beveridge says, “…and thanksgiving to Almighty God that He has marked us as His chosen people, henceforth to lead in the regeneration of the world…” (…and thanksgiving to Almighty God that He has marked us as His chosen people, henceforth to lead in the regeneration of the world…)
However, contrary to the early ideas of the United States of America, the race for growth turned out to be more of a worldwide struggle than one for the control of the territories in the surrounding area. The United States of America had the feeling that they needed to stake their claim in imperialism all over the globe since other nations were swiftly acquiring the uncontrolled regions that were still available. The animation that is provided in document “A” illustrates how all of the European nations were gradually acquiring the territories that were still available to them. In addition to the feeling of “catching up” with the other countries all around the globe, this is a positive development. The United States of America believed that they were more powerful than they had ever been because to the expansion and improvement of their fleet.
The turn of the twentieth century was a time of great expansion for the United States. America sought to increase its influence in the world by expanding its territory and building new relationships with other countries. While there were many reasons for this period of American expansionism, two primary factors were economic growth at home and a desire to protect US interests abroad. By understanding these motivations, we can better appreciate the complex history of America’s rise to global power. What do you think were the most important reasons for American expansionism at the turn of the twentieth century?