when a protein needs to be made a signal is sent to a cell to turn on the

when a protein needs to be made a signal is sent to a cell to turn on the.

when a protein needs to be made a signal is sent to a cell to turn on the
when a protein needs to be made a signal is sent to a cell to turn on the

when a protein needs to be made a signal is sent to a cell to turn on the.


supplying the missing pieces of information in your inquiry with the appropriate responses;

A signal is sent to the cell in order to activate the gene ( B )
Within the nucleus is where transcription takes place ( C )
RNA polymerase (D), an enzyme, reads the DNA, which then results in the production of messenger RNA ( E )
The molecule of mRNA that has just been generated makes its way into the cytoplasm ( F )
Ribosomes are tiny organelles that read messenger RNA (mRNA) during the translation process.
A particular arrangement of amino acids ( H ).
A codon (I) is a sequence of three nucleotides in mRNA that specifies a single amino acid.
This results in the formation of a Functional Protein ( J )

RNA is produced from DNA by the process of transcription, which involves the translation of a DNA code into an RNA code that is complementary to the DNA code.

During translation, mRNA is converted into an amino acid sequence, which is then incorporated into the protein. Translation is the process by which proteins are created from mRNA.

As a result, we are able to draw the conclusion that the answers to your query are those that are put in the blanks that were left in your question before.

the production of protein

the reading of DNA that is contained inside the nucleus of a cell in order to generate proteins.


comprises the genes that, in order to produce certain proteins, convey the necessary instructions.

The enzyme RNA polymerase

a kind of enzyme that is responsible for reading DNA and producing mRNA.

RNA nucleotides

used in the production of the mRNA chain


transports the instructions for making proteins to the cytoplasm of the cell.


reads mRNA and makes it possible for amino acids to link themselves to one another


carries the necessary amino acid to the expanding chain of amino acids.

amino acids

construct protein

Where exactly does transcribing take place?


Where exactly may one get the translation?


How Is It That A Protein Is Put Together?

A complex arrangement of molecules known as a ribosome is used by cells in the process of protein synthesis. The ribosome is responsible for putting amino acids in the correct sequence and for creating the peptide bonds that connect them to one another. A lengthy chain of amino acids, known as a polypeptide chain, is produced as a result of a process referred to as translation.

What do you call the process in which RNA is used to put together a protein?

The ribosome is the location where the process known as translation takes place, which involves the assembly of a protein from mRNA.

What Occurs During the Translation Process?

During the process of translation, ribosomal subunits come together to form a sandwich-like structure on the strand of messenger RNA (mRNA), and they then continue to attract tRNA molecules that are linked to amino acids (circles). As the ribosome converts the mRNA sequence into a polypeptide or a new protein, a lengthy chain of amino acids is produced as a byproduct of this process.

How Does Each Step of Protein Synthesis in a Cell Work?

The process through which cells create proteins is referred to as protein synthesis. The first step is transcription, and then the second step is translation. The process of moving genetic instructions from DNA to messenger RNA (mRNA) in the nucleus of a cell is referred to as transcription. Initiation, elongation, and culmination are the three stages that make up this process.

How exactly does the body go about moving protein around?

Proteins are moved in vesicles from the endoplasmic reticulum to the Golgi apparatus, where they are further processed and sorted before being sent to lysosomes, the plasma membrane, or secreted from the cell. This process occurs after the proteins have been processed in the endoplasmic reticulum.

What Steps Are Taken During the Synthesis of Proteins, and How Are They Exported from the Cell?

The Golgi apparatus is responsible for modifying the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) proteins before releasing them into the cytoplasm…. It is necessary for proteins to go via a series of intervening cisternae, where they are changed and packed in preparation for delivery to specific destinations within the cell (Figure 1).
Check out this article on how to depict a mountain on a map as well.

What Kind of Results Does the Transcription Process Yield?

During the process of transcription, which begins with a strand of DNA and ends with a strand of RNA,… RNA… The RNA polymerase is responsible for the addition of the RNA nucleotides that are complementary to the DNA nucleotides that are being synthesized. RNA polymerase is responsible for the production of the sugar-phosphate backbone of the RNA strand during the process of RNA strand creation.

What is the name of the process that occurs in the cytoplasm of eukaryotic cells while a protein is being constructed?

Which of the following is a process that takes place in the cytoplasm of eukaryotic cells in order to create a protein? – The formation of a polypeptide is accomplished by a process known as translation. … The genetic information that is necessary for the synthesis of a protein is carried by messenger RNA until it can be used.

When it is necessary to manufacture a protein, where is the signal sent?

The following terms comprise this set (22): The nucleus of a cell is where DNA is stored inside the cell. – When it is necessary to produce a certain protein, a signal is delivered to a cell instructing it to activate the GENE that is responsible for coding for the required protein. The transcribing process will now begin after this.

What Occurs During the Process of Protein Preparation?

The process through which cells create proteins is referred to as protein synthesis. The first step is transcription, and then the second step is translation. The process of moving genetic instructions from DNA to messenger RNA (mRNA) in the nucleus of a cell is referred to as transcription. Initiation, elongation, and culmination are the three stages that make up this process.

How does the process of translation result in the formation of amino acids?

How does the assembly of amino acids occur during translation? The ribosome becomes attached to the messenger RNA. Amino acids are delivered to the ribosome via molecules known as tRNA. … In order to create proteins, neighboring amino acids must first establish peptide bonds with one another.

What Exactly Is Meant By “Translation” When Discussing Protein Synthesis?

During the process of protein synthesis, translation is the process by which the sequence of a messenger RNA (mRNA) molecule is converted into the sequence of amino acids. The genetic code is a set of rules that define the link between the order of base pairs in a gene and the amino acid sequence that corresponds to that gene’s coding.

What Function Does The Cell Membrane Play In The Body?

The cell membrane, also known as the plasma membrane, is something that can be found in every cell and has the function of separating the inside of the cell from its surrounding environment. The cell membrane is made up of a lipid bilayer that is semipermeable to molecules passing through it. The movement of substances into and out of the cell is governed by the cell membrane, which controls how these processes take place.

What Are the Five Steps in the Synthesis of Proteins?

Terms included in this group (5)
The DNA double helix will unravel, revealing a series of nitrogenous bases as it does so….
Transcription. It is possible to make a clone of one of the DNA strands. …
During translation, the mRNA molecule links with the ribosome, and the tRNA molecule delivers free amino acids to the ribosome.
Elongation takes place when the anticodon of the tRNA molecule recognizes the codon on the mRNA. …

What Are the Eight Steps Involved in the Synthesis of Proteins?

The terms in this set (31) are separated by DNA strands. …
After leaving the nucleus, messenger RNA makes its way to the ribosome.
The code on mRNA specifies which amino acids are allowed to connect.
tRNA is composed of nucleotides that are capable of recognizing mRNA. …
On the ribosome, amino acids are organized in the correct sequence.
The formation of peptide bonds leads to the formation of peptide chains.
Also see the explanation of genetic isolation.

Why Is It Necessary to Transport Proteins?

Certain chemicals that are essential to the function of a cell may pass through the plasma membrane. Transport proteins in the cell membrane make it possible for certain chemicals from the surrounding environment to pass through in a controlled manner. Each transport protein is designed to carry just a single kind of chemical (indicated by matching colors).

How does protein go across a cell?

A mechanism referred to as membrane diffusion allows for the movement of a great number of proteins across the plasma membrane. The fluid-mosaic model of the cell membrane refers to the idea that membrane-bound proteins may move about within the membrane itself…. Other proteins are found in close proximity to the membrane, but they are not inserted into it.

How Does Protein Enter A Cell?

NLSs are found in proteins that are intended to be transported to the nucleus. These brief lengths of amino acids are involved in an interaction with proteins that may be found in the cytoplasm, on the nuclear envelope, or at the nuclear pore complex. After being bound to the pore complex, the complex proteins are next transported into the nucleus in a way that requires ATP.

What are the components of the cell membrane?

The majority of cellular membranes, including plasma membranes and interior membranes, are constructed of molecules called glycerophospholipids. These molecules are made up of glycerol, a phosphate group, and two fatty acid chains. There are very few exceptions to this rule. These membrane lipids are held together by a molecule called glycerol, which has three carbons and serves as the backbone.

The process of sorting and transporting proteins is referred to as.

• Protein targeting, also known as protein sorting, is a biological process that transports proteins to their correct destinations, whether those destinations are located inside the cell or outside of it. • Proteins have the ability to be directed to specific locations inside an organelle in a variety of ways. intracellular membranes, plasma membranes, or the outside of the cell through secretion are possible destinations for transported molecules.

During the Process of Transcription, Do Proteins Get Produced?

During the process of transcription, the enzyme RNA polymerase (green) makes a pre-mRNA transcript by using DNA as a template (pink). Processing of the pre-mRNA results in the formation of a mature mRNA molecule, which, once translated, may be used to construct the protein molecule (polypeptide) that was originally encoded by the gene.

What results are produced as a result of the translation process?

During the process of translation, messenger RNA (mRNA) is decoded in a ribosome that is located outside of the nucleus. This results in the production of a particular amino acid chain or polypeptide. After this, the ribosome advances to the next codon in the mRNA in order to go on with the process (translocation) of constructing an amino acid chain.

In what location does the transcription process take place?

the core or the nucleus
The nucleus is the location of transcription activity. In order to produce an RNA molecule, it follows a pattern that is derived from DNA. The RNA is subsequently transported to a ribosome in the cytoplasm, which is the location where the process of translation takes place. During translation, the genetic information contained in mRNA is read in order to construct a protein.

What is the Process that Eukaryotic Cells Use to Make Proteins?

In eukaryotic cells, the nucleus is the location where parts of DNA (genes) are translated into messenger RNA. The ribosomes in these cells get their instructions for protein synthesis from the nucleus (mRNAs). The information contained in an mRNA is transported to the ribosome, which then utilizes that information to construct a protein with a particular sequence of amino acids.

Which of the following is NOT a process that is used in the construction of proteins?

Individual cells are responsible for their own protein construction via a process known as protein synthesis. It acts as a map or blueprint for the structure of the proteins that are being manufactured. In the absence of DNA, the ribosomes of any particular cell would be at a loss as to the proper sequence in which to place amino acids.

What kind of mutation takes place when a nitrogen base is introduced into the mix?

A point mutation is a form of mutation that may occur in DNA or RNA, the genetic material of a cell. In this type of mutation, just one nucleotide base in the DNA or RNA is altered in some way.

Where in the cell are proteins synthesized, and how are they transported across the cell?

After being manufactured in the endoplasmic reticulum, the enzyme proteins are then packaged into a vesicle before being transported to the Golgi apparatus.

What are the steps that take place in the production of proteins that are secreted, and in what order do they take place?

What steps need to be taken before a protein can be produced that can then be secreted? The gene that encodes the protein is translated into messenger RNA (mRNA) in the nucleus in response to a signal from a hormone. After being processed and folded in the Golgi apparatus, the protein that was produced from the mRNA by the ER is finally packaged into a vesicle and exported from the cell.

How are Recently Synthesized Membrane Proteins Integrally Part of the Plasma Membrane?

Integral proteins that have membrane-spanning -helical domains get enmeshed in membranes via hydrophobic contacts with the lipid interior of the bilayer and most likely also through ionic interactions with the polar head groups of the phospholipids.

What exactly are the processes of processing and degradation of proteins?

In addition, defective or damaged proteins are identified and swiftly destroyed inside cells, which eliminates the effects of errors produced during the process of protein synthesis. … The ubiquitin-proteasome route and the lysosomal proteolysis pathway are the two primary mechanisms that are responsible for protein breakdown in eukaryotic cells.

In the process of protein synthesis, what role does the cell membrane play?

The endoplasmic reticulum (ER) is an essential component in the production of lipids and proteins. Its membrane is the location where all of the transmembrane proteins and lipids for the majority of the cell’s organelles are synthesized. These organelles include the endoplasmic reticulum (ER), the Golgi apparatus, lysosomes, endosomes, secretory vesicles, and the plasma membrane.

What keeps amino acids in their proper order?

Several amino acids are connected to one another inside of a protein through peptide bonds, which results in the formation of a chain. Peptide bonds are produced as a byproduct of a biological reaction that binds the amino group of one amino acid to the carboxyl group of an amino acid that is located in close proximity to it. During this process, a water molecule is removed from the system.

What exactly are amino acids, and how do they come together to form proteins?

(Proteins are constructed from smaller components called amino acids.) The protein is pieced together by a specific kind of RNA known as transfer RNA (tRNA), which does so one amino acid at a time. The ribosome will keep assembling proteins until it comes across a “stop” codon at some point (a sequence of three nucleotides that does not code for an amino acid).

How is It That Complex Proteins Are Put Together From Amino Acids?

Molecule of ribosomal RNA (also known as rRNA), which are responsible for directing the process of creating a new protein chain, are responsible for stitching the assembled amino acids together. Elongation is the process by which a complete protein is formed. Elongation involves the repetition of the preceding procedure for each amino acid.

An outline of the cellular transportation routes

An outline of the cellular transportation routes
An outline of the cellular transportation routes

The cytosol is the location where the translation of all of a eukaryotic cell’s proteins starts (except for a few proteins made in mitochondria and chloroplasts). During the production of a protein, it makes its way through a “decision tree” in an orderly fashion. The molecular tags of the protein are examined at each step of the process to determine whether or not it should be redirected to a new pathway or destination.

The first significant fork in the road occurs not long after the translation process has begun. At this stage, the protein will either continue to be synthesized in the cytosol for the duration of the remainder of the translation process, or it will be sent into the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) in the process of being translated squared.

If a sequence of amino acids known as a signal peptide is present in a protein before it is translated, the protein will be sent to the endoplasmic reticulum (ER). In general, proteins that are destined for organelles in the endomembrane system (such the ER, Golgi apparatus, and lysosome) or for the outside of the cell are required to enter the ER at this point in the process.

During the remainder of the translation process, the cytosol is the location of storage for proteins that lack a signal peptide. In the event that they do not have any additional “address labels,” they will remain in the cytosol forever. After translation, however, they may be sent to the mitochondria, chloroplasts, peroxisomes, or nucleus depending on whether or not they contain the appropriate labels.

A brief overview of the endomembrane system and the secretory route

During the process of translation, proteins that are intended for any component of the endomembrane system (or the outside of the cell) are transported to the ER, where they are fed in as they are manufactured.

Signal peptides
The signal peptide is a sequence of hydrophobic amino acids, often known as “water-fearing” amino acids, that is typically located towards the beginning (N-terminus) of the protein. This sequence is responsible for sending the protein into the endoplasmic reticulum during translation. When this sequence protrudes from the ribosome, it is identified by a protein complex known as the signal-recognition particle (SRP), which transports the ribosome to the endoplasmic reticulum (ER). The amino acid chain that the ribosome is making is fed into the lumen (interior) of the ER there as it is being created.

During the process of translation, the signal peptide may be severed in certain instances, allowing the mature protein to be secreted into the interior of the ER (as shown above). In other instances, the ER membrane will include either the signal peptide or another stretch of hydrophobic amino acids. This results in the formation of a transmembrane segment, which is a segment that crosses the membrane. This serves to bind the protein to the membrane.

Transportation by means of the endomembrane system

In the endoplasmic reticulum (ER), proteins are able to fold into their proper forms and may also acquire sugar groups at this stage. After that, the vast majority of proteins are packaged into vesicles made of membrane and sent to the Golgi apparatus. However, several proteins must remain in the ER in order to carry out their functions in the cell. These proteins are tagged with amino acid sequences that will cause them to be transported back to the ER in the event that they reach the Golgi.

The Golgi apparatus is where proteins have the potential to experience further changes (such the addition of sugar groups) before they are transported to their ultimate locations. Lysosomes, the plasma membrane, and the outside of the cell are some of the destinations that may be reached. Some proteins must perform their functions in the Golgi (are considered to be “Golgi-residents”), and a number of different chemical signals, such as amino acid tags and structural characteristics, are utilized to either retain them in the Golgi or bring them back.

If the proteins do not contain any particular tags, they are transported from the Golgi to the cell surface, where they are either secreted to the cell exterior (if they are membrane-embedded) or supplied to the plasma membrane (if they are free-floating). The figure that is seen above demonstrates this default route for a membrane protein that is colored in green and has sugar groups that are represented in purple.

If the proteins possess the appropriate molecular labels, they will be sent to their respective destinations. For instance, proteins that are going to be processed in the lysosome contain a molecular tag that is a sugar that also has a phosphate group linked to it. The Golgi apparatus is responsible for sorting proteins that have this tag into vesicles that are destined for the lysosome.

Targeting to non-endomembrane organelles

Proteins that are generated in the cytosol and do not reach the ER during the translation process are more likely to remain in the cytosol permanently. However, they might also be transported to other locations inside the cell that are not associated with endomembranes. For instance, the production of proteins that are destined for the nucleus, chloroplasts, peroxisomes, and mitochondria often takes place in the cytosol, and delivery of these proteins occurs after translation has been completed.

[Don’t the chloroplasts and mitochondria each have their own set of ribosomes?]
A protein has to have a unique amino acid “address label” in order for it to be transported to one of these organelles once translation has taken place. Other proteins in the cell are able to identify the label, which enables them to assist in transporting the protein to the appropriate location.

Take the process of delivering a substance to the organelle known as the peroxisome, which is involved in the detoxification process. A peroxisomal targeting signal is a particular sequence of amino acids that is present in proteins that are required in the peroxisome. The traditional signal is made up of just three amino acids—serine, lysine, and leucine—and is located at the very end (C-terminus) of a protein. A helper protein in the cytosol recognizes this particular sequence of amino acids and transports the protein to the peroxisomes as a result.

4 start superscript, 4, end superscript.
Targeting of mitochondria, chloroplasts, and nuclei is, in general, quite similar to peroxisomal targeting. That is, a particular chain of amino acids is what directs the protein to the organelle that it is intended for (or a compartment inside that organelle). However, the “address labels” in each instance have a distinctive character of their own.

F.A.Q when a protein needs to be made a signal is sent to a cell to turn on the.

F.A.Q when a protein needs to be made a signal is sent to a cell to turn on the.

What causes the beginning of a protein to be made?

The answer to this riddle is that when a protein has to be generated, a signal is delivered to a cell to switch on the machinery that makes proteins.
Most codons designate an amino acid. The termination of a protein is indicated by the presence of three “stop” codons. The amino acid methionine is encoded via the “start” codon, which is the letter AUG, and serves as a marker for the beginning of a protein.

What sends the message to the cell to start making proteins?

The DNA of a cell stores the instructions necessary to make a protein in its coding. When a protein is manufactured, a copy of the DNA is created. This copy of the DNA is referred to as messenger RNA, and it is delivered to a ribosome. Ribosomes are responsible for reading the information contained in mRNA and then using that information to construct proteins from their constituent amino acids.

What steps are taken during the translation of the information contained in DNA into a protein?

The process by which the information contained in our DNA is transformed into a product that can carry out its intended purpose, such as a protein, is referred to as gene expression.

What is the message that tells the cell to cease making proteins?

Definition. A stop codon is a sequence of three nucleotides (also known as a trinucleotide) that may be found in DNA or messenger RNA (mRNA) and indicates that the process of protein synthesis in the cell should be terminated. There are 64 unique trinucleotide codons; 61 of these designate amino acids, while the remaining 3 are stop codons (i.e., UAA, UAG and UGA).


Cells need to be able to adapt to the changing conditions of their surroundings in order to continue living. The regulation of transcription and translation, the two primary processes in the creation of proteins, are essential to the flexibility of these organisms. Cells are able to exercise control over which genes are transcribed and which transcripts are translated. In addition, cells are able to biochemically process transcripts and proteins in order to alter the activities of these molecules. Both transcription and translation may be regulated in prokaryotes and eukaryotes, although eukaryotic regulation is by far more intricate than prokaryotic regulation.

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