Nubia is a historical territory in northeastern Africa that stretches roughly from the Nile River valley (around the first cataract in Upper Egypt) eastward to the Red Sea’s coasts, southward to Khartoum (in modern-day Sudan), and westward to the Libyan Desert. Nubia is separated into two areas according to legend.
Upper Nubia was the southern section of ancient Egypt, extending north to the southern end of the Nile’s second cataract; it was known as Kush (Cush) under the Egyptian pharaohs of the 18th dynasty, and Ethiopia by the ancient Greeks. Lower Nubia was the northern section of the area, situated between Aswn’s second and first cataracts, and was known as Wawat.
Kush formed an autonomous monarchy after the breakup of the New Kingdom approximately 1070 BCE, with its capital at Napata in modern-day central Sudan.
During the Old Kingdom, the Nubian area was known by several names. Nubia (Kush) was an Egyptian colony during the New Kingdom of Egypt, from the 16th century BCE. Kush formed an autonomous monarchy after the breakup of the New Kingdom approximately 1070 BCE, with its capital at Napata in modern-day central Sudan.
During the reign of Tanutamani (reign approx. 664–653 B.C. ), the Nubians lost the last of their Egyptian holdings.
How did Nubia develop as an autonomous African state around the end of the second millennium B.C.E? It arose as a result of the Egyptian New Kingdom’s dissolution.
Nubia is a region in northern Sudan and southern Egypt centered along the Nile River.
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