The National Assembly of France drafted the Constitution of 1791 during the French Revolution. It kept the monarchy, but the Legislative Assembly, which was chosen via an indirect voting method, was in charge of the country.
The franchise was limited to “active” citizens who paid a small levy; about two-thirds of adult males had the right to vote for electors and directly elect some municipal leaders. The constitution was only in place for a year.
The constitution’s draft was finished in 1791, and its principal goal was to restrict the monarch’s powers.
During the French Revolution, the National Assembly enacted the Constitution, which established a separation of powers between the legislative, executive, and judiciary. The Declaration of the Rights of Man and Citizen, published in 1789, outlined citizens’ rights and served as the Constitution’s foundation text.
As a result, the feudal system that granted privileges to nobles and clergy was not only restricted, but also abolished. The Constitution, on the other hand, did not attempt to dethrone or empower the King, but rather to limit his powers and work efficiently with the government.
This is why King Louis XVI had to accept the shift from absolute to constitutional monarchy, which resulted in the Legislative Assembly’s powers being increased despite the fact that it was elected indirectly.
These powers were shared among numerous organizations or bodies, such as the legislature, court, and execution, rather than being concentrated in a single hand. France became a constitutional monarchy as a result of this reform.
The purpose of the 1791 Constitution was to establish constitutional monarchy and sovereignty. Complete response: During the French Revolution, the National Assembly enacted the Constitution, which established a separation of powers between the legislative, executive, and judiciary.
While it was born of the Estates General of 1789, the National Assembly aimed to reform social structure and legitimate itself: it had removed that body’s tricameral structure.
They met in the hall of an indoor tennis court on the gardens of Versailles on June 20, 1789.
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