Sub-Saharan Africa refers to the region of the African continent located south of the Sahara Desert. The demarcation line is located on the southern boundary of the Sahara Desert.
Africa is the planet’s oldest and most stable landmass, with the majority of the continent having existed for more than 550 million years. The majority of it is a wide plateau, with just 10% of its land area below 500 feet in elevation.
The Rainforest of the Tropics:
Is the biome that is closest to the Equator.
As a consequence of the continual sunshine on the Equator, it forms.
Because the Equator runs across Central Sub-Saharan Africa, the Tropical Rainforest has developed there. However, deforestation is common in this area.
Savannahs and grasslands in the tropics and subtropics: The biggest biome in Sub-Saharan Africa is a patchwork of grasslands, forests, bushlands, thickets, and semi-arid drylands that are maintained by fire and grazing. This ecosystem includes the miombo and mopane savannah-woodland habitats of East and Southern Africa.
Africa is the most tropical of the continents. Climate and vegetation vary from equatorial rainforests to tropical deserts and savanna grassland to the Mediterranean. The Sahara Desert is the world’s biggest desert, covering about 10.4 million square kilometers. It spans around 1800 kilometers north to south and 5600 kilometers east to west.
Tropical rainforests are located around the equator because of the quantity of rainfall and sunlight received. The majority of tropical rainforests are found between the Tropic of Cancer and the Tropic of Capricorn
The Congo River basin on Africa’s Atlantic Ocean side contains the majority of the continent’s surviving rainforests. The Congo rainforest is famed for its gorillas, chimps, and elephants.
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