Which organization is in its correct order from smallest to largest? The levels of the organization, from the most basic to the most advanced. The organ system is made up of atoms, cells, tissues, and organs. In the human body, what are the several levels of organization that may be found?
What are the several levels of organizational structure in ecology? Last but not least, the organism itself is the biggest unit of organization. Population, community, ecosystem, and biosphere are the several levels of organization that may be found in ecology.
The study of living things is known as biology. Because life is such a wide subject, scientists divide it up into a number of distinct levels of structure to make it simpler and more manageable to research.
These levels begin with the most fundamental component of existence and go upward to the most general and comprehensive category possible.
Atoms, the smallest unit of chemical elements, are what molecules are constructed from. They are present in all kinds of materials, both living and non-living, and may be found everywhere.
Molecules are the fundamental building blocks of all living things, including humans. Biochemistry and molecular biology are two branches of biology that are primarily concerned with this level of biological organization.
A cell is the fundamental component of living things. There are two different types of cells: plant cells and animal cells. Plant cells are characterized by a stiff cell wall composed of molecules of cellulose, while animal cells have flexible cell membranes.
Cell biologists study problems such as metabolism as well as other concerns about the structure and function of cells and their relationships with one another.
The cells that make up a tissue cooperate with one another in order to carry out its function. There are many different forms of tissue, including neural tissue, muscle tissue, and connective tissue. Histologists are a kind of biologist that often operate at this level.
Within the body of an animal, some functions are performed by organs, which are collections of tissues that coordinate their activities on a larger scale. The brain, the heart, and the lungs are all examples of organs.
One area of expertise within the field of biology that is concerned with this level is anatomy.
An organ system is a collection of interconnected organs that operate together to carry out a certain set of biological duties. In animals, for instance, the respiratory system is responsible for the intake of oxygen via the lungs, the passageways of the airways, and the muscles of the respiratory system.
Physiologists are scientists who investigate how different components of the body operate in conjunction with one another. Even though physiologists are able to operate at any level of the biological hierarchy, the majority of the time they address queries about organ systems.
An organism is a distinct, self-contained individual that can be identified. There are two types of creatures: unicellular organisms, like bacteria and amoebae, and multicellular organisms, like humans and animals, which are made up of organs and organ systems. An example of a multi-cellular organism is a living human being like yourself.
A population is made up of many individuals of the same species that are located in the same geographic region. A population may consist of a pride of lions in Kenya, which is located in Africa.
A community is made up of all of the diverse species that may be found in a given region. One may consider the population of lions in Kenya to be part of a community that also includes populations of gazelles, giraffes, elephants, dung beetles, and any and all other species found in that region.
An ecosystem consists of all of the communities that exist within a certain region as well as all of the non-living, physical components that are present in the environment. The components of an ecosystem include things like rocks, water, and soil. Ecologists may focus their research on communities, populations, or even whole ecosystems.
The sum of all of the ecosystems that exist on Earth is known as the biosphere. The term “biosphere” refers to the collective term for all living things, including plants, animals, bacteria, rocks, and molecules.
It is possible for non-biologists, such as meteorologists and geologists, to answer issues alongside biologists at this level of the biological organization hierarchy.
Relationships may be formed between any two creatures on Earth, as well as between any two organisms, their environment, and forces in the world that are not alive (also known as abiotic factors). Ecology refers to the study of these connections and exchanges between organisms and their environments.
However, within ecology as a whole, there are many other categorization levels and subfields that concentrate on specific aspects of the field. They are often referred to as transitioning from a wide field of study into a field of study that is more specialized.
These several subfields of ecological research are also utilized to explain how organisms and their surroundings are arranged over the whole planet.
A huge geographic region that is characterized by the plants, animals, and other species that live it is called a biome. Biomes may be found all over the world. This is the most comprehensive and all-encompassing category of ecological categorization.
The following categories of biomes may be discovered on our planet:
Amazonian Forest (either tropical or temperate)
Forest of a moderate climate
meadows in tropical climates
Aquatic (either freshwater or marine)
You’ll discover a wide variety of ecosystems, conditions, habitats, communities, and people inside biomes. The kinds of plants and animals that are native to this region are often dictated by the climate of the surrounding geographic area.
Ecologists might choose to focus their research on the ecological interactions that exist within certain biomes.
The next level, which is somewhat more specific than a biome but still rather vast, is an ecosystem. An ecosystem is comprised of all of the biotic (living) and abiotic (non-living) components that may be found in a particular location.
This encompasses all of the animals, microbes, rocks, soil, air, and weather, among other things, as well as all of the interactions that exist between these components.
When compared to biomes, ecological systems are categories that are somewhat more precise. For instance, if you were to classify an environment as belonging to the marine biome, you may have any of the following options:
Reefs made of coral
Trenches found in the oceans
Both abiotic and biotic variables are essential to the functioning of an ecosystem and are in continual dialogue with one another. The food chain, the movement of energy, the biogeochemical cycles, and other processes of a similar kind may all be seen in their natural habitats, which are referred to as ecosystems.
A collection of different populations of creatures that interact with one another inside a certain region is what we mean when we talk about a community. One good illustration of this would be the multitude of trees, birds, squirrels, insects, and microbes that live in a forest.
The study of how these different creatures interact is known as community ecology. It is important to take notice that the more levels that are covered here, the more detailed and precise the information becomes.
The subfield of ecology known as community ecology focuses on the structure, function, and interactions that occur within biological communities as opposed to the more broad study of ecology.
Each community consists of distinct populations of creatures that communicate with one another and influence one another. Therefore, the study of individual populations of species is referred to as population ecology.
In the field of biology, a population is defined as a collection of organisms that belong to the same species and live in the same broad region. This might refer to all of the clown fish that live in a coral reef, all of the red-tailed hawks that live in a deciduous forest, all of the mountain goats that live in a mountain range, and so on.
Ecologists that specialize in population investigate factors such as the number of populations, their rate of growth, how populations vary over time, how populations are dispersed, and how dense populations are.
Every population is made up of individual specimens of the species that make up that population. The term “organism” refers to a single living creature in its whole. Anything from a bacteria to an elephant to a sunflower might fit into this category.
The majority of ecologists who study organisms narrow their attention to a certain species or group of organisms. The study of how organisms act, what they consume, how they function, and studies of their physiology in response to environmental variables is what is meant by the term “organismal ecology.”
Within their particular community, habitat, or ecosystem, each individual creature or group of organisms fulfills a specific ecological role. In addition, scientists investigate these niches to learn how they have shaped evolution, adaptation, and other processes.
It was believed that there were only two kingdoms on earth before to the development of the microscope: animal kingdom and plant kingdom. The system of categories has been expanded to include six kingdoms as a result of developments in technology and the creation of the microscope. These kingdoms are as follows: protista, animilia, archaebacteria, plantae, and eubacteria and fungi. All of the species that can be found on earth live in a variety of settings, ranging from those that are highly acidic to those that are terrestrial.
The family Protista is comprised of all species that are on the microscopic scale and do not belong to any of the other five kingdoms. Euglena, plasmodium, and ameoba are all included in this category. These are aquatic species, meaning they live in bodies of water such as oceans, lakes, ponds, streams, and any other body of water there may be. They may exist in either fresh water or salt water.
The kingdom of animalia is the biggest of all the kingdoms and contains more than a million different species. Species that belong to this kingdom may be found almost everywhere. Some examples of these creatures are sponges, plankton, insects, arachnids, humans, and whales. This is the case for both the North Pole and the South Pole, as well as for the seas, lakes, and rocky terrain located all across the earth.
Hot springs in Yellowstone National Park were the places where archaebacteria were found for the first time. The kingdom is home to a variety of creatures, including halophiles and methanogens, among others.
The habitat of archaebacteria is, to say the least, severe. Archaebacteria thrive in environments that are low in oxygen, high in salt concentration, have high levels of acidity, and include hot springs.
Archaebacteria are hypothesized to be the earliest organisms to ever settle on earth due to the harsh environments in which they can grow. This theory is based on the fact that archaebacteria can survive in very harsh environments.
The most of us are acquainted with the kingdom of the plantae, which includes blooming plants, flowering bushes and vines, ferns, and moss in addition to various types of living beings.
A great number of plant species are known to be aquatic, which indicates that they are able to live in water of any kind and even flourish there. The terrestrial surface of our planet is home to the great majority of the world’s plant species.
Eubacteria have been present on earth for a period of time that is roughly identical to that of archaebacteria. When you wash your hands, you are often attempting to get rid of this sort of bacteria, which is what we typically refer to as “germs.”
Even while the vast majority of eubacteria are helpful, there are a few strains, such as streptococci and Esherichia coli (E. coli), that are detrimental to human health. On our globe, eubacteria may be found almost wherever. The majority of the cells that make up the human body are bacteria, as shown by research conducted at Imperial College London.
Fungi may take several forms, including mushrooms, mold, yeasts, and mildew. The best places to find fungi are woods and meadows because they feed on dead organic matter.
However, fungi can be found almost anywhere in the world, including oceans, lakes, the earth’s terrestrial surface, and even microscopic crevices on electronic equipment. The best place to find fungi is in the woods and meadows. Certain species of fungus thrive on human and animal excrement, and vice versa.
The smallest unit of a material that can be broken down into smaller units without changing the composition of the substance as a whole is known as a representative particle. Atoms, molecules, and formula units are the three fundamental building blocks of matter. Matter is made up of these three kinds of representative particles.
Atoms are the smallest possible particle that can be broken down into smaller parts. Elements are the generic name given to substances that exclusively contain a single kind of atom.
Molecules serve as the prototypical unit for describing the composition of molecular compounds. In addition to that, it is the particle that best exemplifies diatomic elements.
The “formula unit” of an ionic compound is the particle that best represents the complex as a whole. In order to compute the fundamental whole number ratio of the ions that make up an ionic compound, a formula unit employs the application of a formula.
Diatomic elements, often known as molecules, are structures that contain two atoms of the same element. These two-atom-large components do not make up a compound in any way.
The study of living beings as well as the critical activities that take place inside and all around them, including the cellular, molecular, and chemical processes that keep these species alive is what is referred to as biology.
Biology is the scientific study of the origin, development, and behavior of living things, including people, animals, plants, fungi, and microbes, in relation to their environments. Within each of these categories is a vast array of specialized sub-disciplines, and the development of brand new disciplines is an ongoing process.
At the most basic level, all living things may be broken down into their component cells, which are made up of molecules. Both biochemistry and molecular genetics are sub-disciplines of biology that investigate the behavior of the molecules that are found inside of cells.
A biochemist investigates the structure and interactions of particular molecules, while a molecular geneticist investigates how molecules such as deoxyribonucleic acid, or DNA, impact the passing down of traits from one generation to the next. There is a subfield of biology known as cellular biology that focuses on the study of individual cells rather than the organism as a whole.
Tissues are formed when cells of a bigger organism work together to perform a specific function. Histologists are scientists that specialize in the study of tissues; they examine the distinctions that exist between various kinds of tissue using a microscope.
There are biologists who specialize in researching microbes on the microscopic level, and there are other biologists who study species as large as trees or elephants. The study of creatures that are too tiny to be seen by the human eye is referred to as microbiology, whereas the study of all animals is referred to as zoology.
The study of mammals, birds, and fish are referred to as mammology, ornithology, and ichthyology, respectively. These are all subfields that fall under the umbrella of zoology. Botanists are a sub-specialty of the biological sciences that focuses on plant-related research. Fungi are the focus of mycology.
Ecology, environmental science, and environmental engineering are all examples of biological disciplines that investigate how organisms interact with the environments in which they live. Researchers that focus on oceans are known as oceanologists, while limnologists investigate freshwater bodies like lakes and rivers.
Biologists that specialize in conservation look at how people impact the environment and how humans may best work to maintain and protect it. There are even biologists whose job it is to research environmental policy in the United States and provide assistance to government authorities in the process of making and enforcing laws that are relevant to the protection of the environment.
Biotechnology and synthetic biology are two examples of more recent and developing subfields within biology. According to the International Genetically Engineered Machine Foundation, often known as iGEM, the definition of synthetic biology is the process of designing and constructing new biological components, devices, and systems for the aim of practical application.
The area of biotechnology is comprised of cellular biologists who concentrate on the sequencing, modification, and engineering of DNA. They are also known as biomedical engineers in certain circles. The Occupational Outlook Handbook published by the United States Department of Labor projects that employment opportunities in each of these sectors will increase by at least 27 percent between 2012 and 2022.
What is the key distinction to be made between an ecosystem and a community? A verdant tropical rainforest is teeming with life on all scales, from the minute bacteria that live in the soil to the jaguar that stalks the branches of trees in quest of its next meal.
The presence of life is the key characteristic that distinguishes a community from an ecosystem. In contrast, an ecosystem takes into consideration both living and nonliving components, whereas a community exclusively comprises living organisms.
When it comes to the study of interactions, having a solid grasp on the distinctions between biotic variables and abiotic factors is essential to having a complete knowledge of the differences between a community and an ecosystem.
All of the live creatures that make up a system are referred to as its biotic components. Some examples of biotic factors are bacteria, insects, plants, birds, and mammals. Other examples of biotic factors include birds and animals.
All of the non-living components of a system that are essential to the existence of living things are referred to as the system’s abiotic elements. A great illustration of this would be the water, sunshine, and carbon dioxide that are required for plant photosynthesis to take place.
Abiotic factors are any non-living objects that have an effect on living organisms. Some examples of abiotic factors are the soil, the air, the minerals, the temperature, and the pH.
Levels are created by researchers who examine the ways in which creatures interact with the environments in which they live. These levels are used to more precisely identify the nature of such interactions.
Ecosystems, communities, and ultimately individual organisms make up the lower levels of ecological structure. Communities are the next level up. After these layers, the organism is at the bottom with the fewest interactions, followed by the community, then the population, and lastly the ecosystem.
When describing an ecosystem, it is important to take into consideration all of the interactions, including biotic and abiotic elements. Ecosystems are made up of all of the many types of living species, in addition to the abiotic variables that have an effect on those organisms.
In the field of ecology, the distinction between a community and an ecosystem lies in the fact that a community may only relate to the living creatures that are present in an ecosystem.
A portion of dirt taken from a larger area may serve as a model for the smaller size. In a very small quantity of soil, the ecosystem level would include all of the bacteria and invertebrates that are there, in addition to any minerals, silt, and moisture that may be present.
At the community level, the only thing that matters are the interactions between living things; abiotic interactions aren’t taken into account at all. Therefore, in the case of the soil, the community is comprised of the bacteria, invertebrates, and any other living species that may be present.
In ecology, the number of species present is the key determinant of whether a group is considered a population or a community. A community is made up of a number of different species and the interactions that they have with one another. O
nly the numbers of individuals and their interactions within a single species are considered to make up a population.
For instance, the community that was found in the soil sample that was stated before may have consisted of 11 distinct types of bacteria as well as three different kinds of invertebrates.
The population focuses on the interactions and numbers of a single species of worm among the other invertebrates. The worm species is separated from the other invertebrates.
At the organism level, the focus is even more narrowed to the actions and interactions of a single individual organism, while at the population level, interactions are limited to those involving all individuals of a single species.
Therefore, in our soil sample, if the population comprises all 14 individuals of a single worm species, the organism level would concentrate on only one individual from among those 14 worms. This would be the case if the population contains just one worm species.
The great majority of ecological interactions have a far higher level of variety and complexity compared to what might be found in a single sample of soil. For instance, in the polar areas, interactions might include anything from the hunting strategies of polar bears to the behavior of the smallest krill.
The amount of tiny algae that occurs under the ice is influenced by factors such as water temperature, nutrition levels, sunshine, and tides.
Krill populations congregate to consume the expanding algal blooms, and in turn, a great many types of fish and other organisms consume the krill. The fish are subsequently consumed by seals, seagulls, octopuses, and other marine life, while polar bears consume seals as their primary source of food.
There are also minute interactions that take place amongst these animals, and abiotic influences may have an effect on all levels of living things. The polar bear’s ability to effectively track and hunt seals is directly influenced by the temperature of the sea ice, which in turn affects the temperature of the ocean.
Many different interactions take place within a system, beginning at the level of the organism and continuing all the way up to the level of the ecosystem as a whole.
One of the challenges of existing as a multicellular creature is the need that the billions of parts and pieces that comprise your body must in some way cooperate with one another in order to carry out the fundamental processes that ensure your survival.
The interaction that exists between cells, tissues, and organs is what biologists mean when they talk about the degrees of organization that exist in the human body.
The levels of an organization may be helpfully pictured as a ladder, which can be a useful mental image. You may see each successive rung on the ladder as representing a new level of organization, increasing in complexity as you work your way up the ladder.
The most fundamental part of the human body serves as the starting point for this image, but you can work your way up the ladder from there.
The cell is the most fundamental component of living things. In point of fact, certain creatures, such as bacteria, are comprised of a single cell alone.
It is estimated that there are around 30 trillion cells in the human body, and this number does not take into account the many unicellular bacteria that normally inhabit the digestive system. According to estimates provided by scientists, the human body contains roughly 200 distinct kinds of cells.
Tissues are made up of collections of cells that have been grouped together for a particular purpose. Epithelial tissue, muscle tissue, nerve tissue, and connective tissue are the four primary forms of tissue found in the human body.
Epithelial tissue lines the inside of the organs and cavities of the body as well as the surface of the skin that covers the outside of the body. Because they are able to contract and make movement possible, the cells that are found inside muscle tissue are commonly referred to as being “excitable.”
Electrical impulses and signals are sent throughout the body through the nervous system, which is made up of nerve tissue. The body is held together by connective tissue, which is made up of bones as well as blood vessels.
When two or more tissues join together to create a single unit with a distinct structure and function, this unit is referred to as an organ. For example, the organ that performs the highly crucial role of pumping blood throughout the body, the heart, is made up of all four kinds of tissue.
There are 78 organs in the human body, five of which are regarded to be essential to maintaining life. The brain, heart, lungs, kidneys, and liver are all considered to be important organs. The human skin, which may weigh anywhere from 10 to 45 kilograms, is the body’s biggest organ.
It should come as no surprise that the organs are not the highest degree of organization in the human body. There are nine primary organ systems that are comprised of individual organs working together.
And then, at the very pinnacle of the hierarchy, all of those organs, tissues, and systems join together to create an organism—that organism being you!
The study of organizing animals, plants, and other forms of life into groups defined by characteristics that they have in common is known as taxonomy. The Linnaean taxonomy system, which is named after the Swedish biologist Carolus Linnaeus, is the one that is presently being used by scientists to classify creatures into seven main divisions, or taxa.
The kingdom is one of these major divisions. Kingdoms are the level that have the least amount of specificity. The Archaebacteria, Eubacteria, Protista, Fungi, and Plantae kingdoms are the six that make up the Animalia kingdom.
The composition of an organism’s cell wall is one of the distinguishing characteristics that determine which kingdom an organism belongs to. The cell wall, which is the outermost layer of certain cells, plays an important role in the preservation of cellular form as well as chemical balance.
The most common kind of bacteria, known as eubacteria, may be found in almost any environment. They can be found in every environment, including the bodies of people and other living things.
The cell walls of eubacteria are only semi-rigid, but they do possess peptidoglycan, which is a tightly woven chemical compound that keeps bacteria from bursting when water is introduced into their interiors. Mycoplasmas are a special category of Eubacteria that are unique among bacteria in that they do not possess a cell wall.
Archaebacteria thrive in harsh conditions and may be seen growing in hot springs, geysers, and thermal vents in the ocean. In addition, they have a semi-rigid cell wall, although unlike peptidoglycan cell walls, theirs are made of protein or pseudomurein rather than peptidoglycan.
The term “protist” refers to any microorganism that is not classified as either bacteria, fungi, plants, or animals. The majority are made up of single cells and may be found in aquatic settings.
The groups of organisms known as protists include protozoa, algae, and slime molds. Protozoans are a class of unicellular creatures that resemble animals and include amoebae, paramecia, and trichomonas. They lack cell walls in their bodies.
Algae are plant-like protists. Many have cell walls that are composed of microfibrils of cellulose, which is a molecule that is made up of repeating units of the sugar glucose. These microfibrils are entangled and crisscrossed with one another.
Proteinaceous compounds, silica, calcium carbonate, and polysaccharides are some of the possible additional components that may be found in the cell walls of algae. Protists that are similar to fungi may or may not have cell walls. The cell walls of water molds are made up of cellulose as well as glycans. Only at certain phases of their life cycle can slime molds have cell walls made of cellulosic material.
The vast majority of different types of fungi are multicellular creatures that prefer to live on land rather than in water. Fungi may take several forms, such as yeast and mold. Fungi, much like algae, have cell walls of their own.
Chitin, not cellulose, is found in the cell walls of fungi, in contrast to the cellulose found in the cell walls of algae. Chitin is a stiff, semitransparent, and complicated molecule that is made up of repeating units of a sugar known as acetylglucosamine. Chitin is found in the cell walls of many different organisms.
It is best recognized as the component that composes the tough outer covering of crustaceans such as crayfish, crabs, lobsters, and even some insects.
One of the most important distinctions that can be made between plant cells and animal cells is whether or not they include a cell wall. Plant cell walls restrict the plant cell from becoming larger and play crucial functions in the plant’s ability to absorb, secrete, and transport chemicals inside the plant.
They are mostly made up of cellulose microfibrils that are entangled with one another. This cellulose framework is punctured by a configuration of molecules that are not cellulose.
Other chemicals, such as lignin, which is a strong, rigid molecule that offers support, and suberin cutin waxes, which are fatty substances that are found on the exterior of plants and prevent water evaporation and plant dehydration, may be found in the cell walls of certain plants. Animal cells, in contrast to plant cells, are completely devoid of a cell wall.
One of the six primary categories of biological communities that together make up the biosphere is referred to as a biome. These biomes include freshwater, marine, desert, grassland, and tundra. Within the biome, there are many layers of organization, with each layer being made up of a more numerous and diverse collection of living organisms than the one that came before it.
Choose one living thing to examine. In a biome, the individual organism represents the most fundamental level of structure. An organism may be thought of as anything as simple as a solitary fish living in a marine ecosystem.
Form a colony out of similar kinds of creatures by grouping them together. Therefore, a population would consist of all of the fish that live in a certain marine biome.
Include additional organisms that are not of the same species as the population that was previously specified but that interact with that population. This kind of ecosystem is referred to as a community, and in the case of fish, it would contain both the microorganisms that the fish consume and the creatures that hunt them for food.
To get to the last level of organization in the biome, known as the ecosystem, you need to include in all of the other species (even those that have no link to the community) as well as the non-organic components (such as water, sunshine, and soil).
A categorization scheme consisting of seven parts is used to organize all of the creatures. The taxonomic level at which one is speaking determines the classification of an octopus as an animal. The term “kingdom” refers to the most general level, which is followed by “phylum,” “class,” “order,” “family,” “genus,” and “species.”
Octopoda is the order that encompasses all different kinds of octopuses. Octopuses are classified as cephalopods since they belong to the order Octopoda, which is a subclass of the class Cephalopoda. The class Cephalopoda is classified inside the phylum Mollusca, which means that octopuses are also considered to be mollusks.
Cephalopods are what we call octopuses. Cephalopods are distinguished from other animals by their enormous heads, many arms or tentacles, and symmetrical bodies. Cephalopods can only be found in saltwater environments.
They may be broken down into two distinct subclasses. Octopuses, together with squid and cuttlefish, are classified as members of the Coleoidea order of cephalopods, which have soft bodies. Shells are possessed by cephalopods that belong to the opposite subclass, which is called Nautiloidea.
Mollusks are a classification that also contains gastropods like snails and slugs, bivalves like clams and oysters, and a few more unique groups in addition to octopuses. Octopuses are a kind of mollusk.
Mollusks are found not just in saltwater and freshwater environments, but also on land. They make up more than 23 percent of all marine species, which is more than any other phylum. Octopuses are among the mollusks that do not have an external shell, but the majority of mollusks have.
Even more generally speaking, octopuses are classified as invertebrates. This category covers all species of animals with the exception of those that belong to the subphylum Vertebrata.
The subphylum Vertebrata is comprised of fish, mammals, reptiles, birds, and amphibians. The absence of a backbone is what distinguishes invertebrates from vertebrates.
Octopuses may be classified as protostomes. The development of the embryo is a primary consideration in this categorization. The protostomes and the deuterostomes are the two categories that are used to classify creatures that have bilateral symmetry.
In the embryo, a dent or depression known as a blastopore emerges very early on in the process of development. This dent ultimately develops into the anus in all vertebrates, which are classified as deuterostomes. Octopuses and other protostomes have their blastopores form into their mouths during development.
Molecule, cell, tissue, organ, organ system, organism, population, community, ecosystem, and biosphere are the levels, going from smallest to biggest.
As you go from the lowest to the largest level, the levels are as follows: molecule, cell, tissue, organ, organ system, organism, population, community, ecosystem, and biosphere.
Organelles, cells, tissues, organs, organ systems, organisms, populations, communities, ecosystems, and biospheres are the many biological levels of organization that may be found in living things. These levels are listed in order from the most basic to the most sophisticated.