Why did towns and cities grow during and after the industrial revolution?

Why did towns and cities grow during and after the industrial revolution? Cities and towns emerged throughout the Industrial Revolution because employees abandoned farms to concentrate in dense concentrations around the factories that provided better-paid jobs.

Why did towns and cities grow during and after the industrial revolution?

Industrialism boosted the quality of life across the board, causing cities and towns to grow to accommodate affluent people.

Why did towns and cities grow during and after the industrial revolution?

Why did towns and cities grow during and after the industrial revolution?

This overarching concept of city building persisted all the way up to the beginning of the Industrial Revolution, despite the fact that medieval cities were seldom as big as Rome. Over the course of history, commercial activity evolved into an increasingly significant component of urban life and became as one of the primary attractions that brought people in from the surrounding countryside.

The interconnectedness of people living in cities continued at a rapid rate even after the creation of the mechanical clock, windmills, and water mills, as well as the printing press. Cities evolved into settings where people of different social strata and forms of humanity mixed together, leading to the formation of a heterogeneity that evolved into one of the most admired characteristics of urban life.

Samuel Johnson, writing in 1777, celebrated this facet of urban life in his famous apothegm by stating, “When a man is weary of London, he is bored of life; because there is in London everything that life can provide.” It is important to keep in mind that London had less than 100,000 residents at the time, and the majority of its streets were just narrow walkways covered in mud.

The United Kingdom serves as an excellent example of the degree to which the Industrial Revolution influenced metropolitan areas because of the changes it brought about. In the year 1801, around twenty percent of the total population of the United Kingdom resided in towns and cities with ten thousand or more people.

Two-fifths of the population lived in urban areas by the year 1851, and if smaller towns with a population of 5,000 or more were recorded, as they were in the census taken in that year, urbanization might be counted for more than half of the total population. The world’s first industrial civilization also became the world’s first fully urban society during this time period.

The census taken in 1901, the year when Queen Victoria passed away, revealed that seventy-three percent of the population was living in urban areas (two-thirds in cities of 10,000 or more and half in cities of 20,000 or more). Within the period of a century, a civilization that was mostly rural transitioned into one that was predominately urban. As the process of industrialization progressed, the pattern was replicated first on a European scale, and later on a global one.

The surge in technical innovation that accompanied the Industrial Revolution was directly responsible for a significant acceleration of the urbanization process. Bigger populations concentrated in confined spaces meant that new industries could draw from a vast pool of available employees, and that the larger labor force might become more specialized over time.

By the 19th century, Europe already had thousands of industrial employees, many of them were living in circumstances that were considered to be among the most deplorable. Immigrants from rural regions were drawn to the city by the promise of paid labor.

However, once they arrived in the metropolis, they discovered that they were forced to live in overcrowded, dirty slums that were rife with garbage, sickness, and rats. The streets in the more recent cities were often laid out in grid patterns since they were designed with business in mind. These layouts gave little consideration to human needs such as privacy and leisure, but they did make it possible for the towns to grow endlessly.

Modern growth

As a result of industrialization’s practice of moving huge numbers of employees and their families to urban areas, contemporary life is clearly an urban existence for the great majority of the world’s population. Megalopolises are clusters of urban centers that may stretch for scores of miles and were propelled by sustained economic development and population increase during the 20th and 21st centuries.

Megalopolises can be found all over the world. In the United States, for instance, there have been documented occurrences of this phenomena in a variety of locations, including the southern coast of California and the northeastern shore. Other examples of megalopolises are the region between London and the cities of the Midland in Great Britain, the territory between the Netherlands and central Belgium, and the Tokyo–Saka–Kyoto complex in Japan.

KEY POINTS

The factory system was developed as a result of industrialization, which in turn contributed to the expansion of urban areas since it required huge numbers of people to relocate to cities in order to find employment within the factory system. The percentage of the population that resided in cities in England and Wales increased from 17 percent in 1801 to 72 percent in 1891 as a result of urbanization.

The Condition of the Working Class in England was first published in 1844 by Friedrich Engels. It is widely considered to be the most significant account of how workers lived during the early stages of industrialization in British towns.

He portrayed the backstreet neighborhoods of Manchester and other mill towns as places where people lived in rough shanties and overcrowded shacks while being continuously exposed to dangerous illnesses. Throughout the course of the 19th century, these circumstances began to improve.

Prior to the beginning of the Industrial Revolution, improvements in agriculture or technology led to a rise in population, which once again put a pressure on food and other resources, hence preventing gains in per capita wealth. This predicament is referred to as the Malthusian trap, and some economists believe that the Industrial Revolution was able to free the world from its clutches. The development of transportation has resulted in cheaper transaction and food prices, as well as greater distribution and access to a wider variety of meals in urban areas.

The discussion that has taken place throughout history over the issue of the living circumstances of industrial employees has been fraught with controversy. Others have come to the conclusion that significant improvements in living conditions for the bulk of the population did not occur until much later, despite the fact that some people believe that the living standards of workers gradually increased as a result of industrialization.

Although many people did live in deplorable circumstances and suffer with the difficulties brought on by fast industrialization, others did not. The Industrial Revolution was also responsible for the rise of a middle class consisting of industrialists and professionals who were able to enjoy much improved living circumstances. In point of fact, one of the older definitions of the middle class connected it to the original meaning of the term “capitalist,” which was someone who had such a large amount of capital that they could compete with aristocrats.

During the time of the Industrial Revolution, there was a shift in the traditional family unit. Marriage in the working class became a more convivial bond between the wife and husband than it had been before.

It was common for women and men to marry someone who worked in the same field, lived in the same area, or belonged to the same social circle. The traditional patriarchal rule was also weakened to some degree by the establishment of factories and mills. Women who worked in factories were confronted with numerous new obstacles, one of which was having less possibilities to raise children.

KEY TERMS

Agricultural Revolution

Between the middle of the 17th century and the late 19th century, Britain saw an unparalleled growth in agricultural output as a result of advances in both worker productivity and land productivity. During the century leading up to 1770, agricultural production increased at a higher rate than the population, and following that year, agricultural productivity remained among the greatest in the world. The fast rise in population in England and Wales may be somewhat attributed to the increase in the available food supply.

Malthusian trap

The possibility that advancements in a society’s level of life won’t be able to be maintained as a result of continued population expansion. It was named after Thomas Robert Malthus, who proposed that while technological advances could increase a society’s supply of resources such as food and thereby improve the standard of living, the resource abundance would encourage population growth, which would eventually bring the per capita supply of resources back to its original level.

Malthus’s theory is referred to as the “Malthusian paradox.” A number of economists are of the opinion that humanity has successfully escaped the trap ever since the Industrial Revolution. Others contend that the fact that there are still people living in abject poverty is evidence that the Malthusian trap is still in play today.

Cottonopolis

A city that is based on cotton commerce and provides services to cotton mills in the surrounding countryside. During the time of the Industrial Revolution, the term was first used to refer to the city of Manchester in England due to the city’s position as the global hub of the cotton and textile trade.The Rise Of Industry And Urbanization

Industrialization resulted in the establishment of factories, and the factory system was a significant element in the development of urban areas. This was due to the fact that huge numbers of people moved to urban areas in search of employment in factories. Manchester, the world’s first industrial metropolis, was dubbed “Cottonopolis” due to the fact that its mills and other connected businesses made it the worldwide hub of the textile industry.

There was no other place where this was more clearly shown than in Manchester. Between the years 1771 and 1831, Manchester had a rise in population that was equivalent to a sixfold increase. In 1717, the population was estimated to be 10,000, but by 1911, it had ballooned to 2.3 million people.

Between the years 1811 and 1851, Bradford had population growth of fifty percent every 10 years; nevertheless, by 1851, only fifty percent of Bradford’s residents could claim to have been born in the city. The percentage of the population that resided in cities in England and Wales increased from 17 percent in 1801 to 72 percent in 1891 as a result of urbanization.

How does the Industrial Revolution cause the Urban Revolution?

Industrialization is the transition from an agrarian economy to a manufacturing economy that takes place throughout the process of industrialization. The use of assembly lines and mass manufacturing has eliminated the need for manual and skilled labour. The process has traditionally resulted in urbanization as a result of its role in fostering economic development and the creation of employment opportunities, both of which lure people to cities.

The establishment of a factory or numerous factories within an area often marks the beginning of urbanization since this results in a significant increase in the need for factory workers. The factories are followed by other enterprises such as construction makers, merchants, and service providers in order to satisfy the product wants of the workforce. This results in the creation of even more employment as well as increased demands for housing, which ultimately leads to the formation of an urban area.

In today’s world, traditional industrial facilities like factories are often being supplanted by centers for the technology sector. In the same way that factories used to, the rise of these technology centres is adding to urbanization since they attract employees from distant locations.

KEY TAKEAWAYS

Industrialization is the process of transforming an agrarian economy into an industrial one, while urbanization is the process of expanding existing cities to accommodate more people.

The cultivation of crops by human civilizations led to an increase in their need on water, as a result of the transition from hunter-gatherer to farmer lifestyles.

The transition from farming to agribusiness began with the advent of industrialization.

As a result of the rise in production and automation, people started relocating towards metropolitan areas.

As regions go through cycles of economic and social transformation, urbanization is a process that persists.

Nearly all urban areas are located on or near bodies of water.

Throughout the course of human history, patterns of urbanization have typically been most prevalent in close proximity to significant bodies of water. At first, the goal was simply to fulfill the requirements of big people in terms of both food and water.

In point of fact, when people transitioned from being hunters and gatherers to farmers, the need for water grew more vital. People started to depend on the food they grew in their gardens rather than foraging for their own nourishment in the wild.

This resulted in humans using land as a resource in order to grow crops for the purpose of producing food for themselves and their families. As a consequence of this, the need for water grew even more urgent. The demands of humans were eventually met through the construction of water infrastructure, such as wells and runoff systems.

The increased need for cultivated crops led to the development of novel approaches to the management of water resources, most notably the irrigation system. When there was a need for water storage or transportation, people constructed canals, dams, and other types of structures.

This new method also boosted the quantity of water that was accessible, which was particularly helpful for individuals who did not live in close proximity to a major body of natural water. People were able to cultivate more crops because they had easier access to (more) water, and irrigation made it possible to generate more constant and predictable supply of food. This enabled people to grow more food.

Since the beginning of the Industrial Revolution, there has been a consistent pattern of urbanization along rivers, whether those waterways are natural or man-made. This is owing to the fact that the sector cannot function without access to significant quantities of water.

Not only do several companies rely on the availability of enormous amounts of water in order to make their wares, but these companies also rely on rivers and seas in order to transport their products. One may say that this is one of the reasons why 75% of the world’s major metropolitan centres are located in coastal regions.

A Concise Overview of the Industrial Revolution

As was said previously, the move from an economy based mostly on agriculture to one that focuses primarily on the production of manufactured products is what is meant by the term “industrialization.” The term “industrial revolution” refers to a series of events that took place in Europe throughout the 18th and 19th centuries and is most usually linked with this process.

On the other hand, it took place in the United States in the latter half of the 1800s and during the Great Depression. After the end of Globe War II, a significant amount of industrialization occurred in a lot of different regions all over the world.

What were the driving forces behind the massive transition from agricultural to industry? This massive magnitude of industrial expansion was the result of a number of different factors that acted as catalysts. Changes in transportation and communication networks, as well as advancements in mechanization, contributed to the acceleration of this transition, as did the availability of these technologies.

The fact that farmers were looking at agriculture as more than simply a means of subsistence was another significant factor that drove the trend. Instead, agriculture evolved into a commercial enterprise in which products could now be sold to consumers for a profit. A significant number of farmers started specialized in certain crops, which ultimately led to the creation of commodities.

Before the advent of industrialization, most farms were operated by families, and people toiled away on the land in order to provide for themselves. But when robots took over many of the tasks that had previously been performed by humans on farms, productivity increased in both speed and efficiency. Two key events contributed to this trend, which ultimately resulted in a decrease in the number of people living in rural areas and a transition toward industrial farming.

The first was the building of railways, which resulted in a significant amount of societal and economic expansion throughout the United States and made the country more accessible. The development of more train lines made it less difficult and more expedient to travel as well as convey commodities. The second reason was the establishment of industries, which contributed to the formation of urban areas.

Industrialization not only contributed to shifts in rural populations (families didn’t need as many hands because farming equipment replaced the need for human labor), but it also led to a movement of people. Families didn’t need as many hands because farming equipment replaced the need for human labor. The modernization of farms led to a rise in the amount of agricultural laborers who found themselves without work. These citizens, who were suddenly without jobs, relocated to urban centers in search of the manual and skilled labor that was required to operate the expanding number of industries in those areas. As a result of the need for employees to relocate closer to their places of employment, families often relocated together.

Industrialization to Urbanization

Despite the fact that the United States had its own version of the Industrial Revolution in the late 1800s, the majority of historians agree that up until roughly the year 1920, the United States was mostly a rural culture. And it wasn’t until that year that metropolitan areas became home to more than half of the country’s inhabitants for the first time. 3

But what was the catalyst for this shift in the dynamics? Urbanization. This is the process that is responsible for the expansion of cities, which includes the migration of major portions of human populations into and settlement of these places.

Change in the Winds

Between the years 1880 and the beginning of the Great Depression, there were noticeable shifts in the economic landscape in the United States.

4 Industrialization resulted in an increase in the number of machines, while urbanization caused a significant rise in the quantity of factories and other production facilities.

Because of this transformation, there was a greater need for qualified workers who could operate specialized machinery and keep up with the requirements for production. As a direct consequence of this, large cities grew to accommodate the increasing number of people flocking there in search of employment. Take, for instance:

Because it had processing factories for natural resources throughout its early development eras, Chicago was one of the metropolitan areas that expanded at one of the quickest rates during the second half of the 19th century.

Between the years 1850 and 19004, Philadelphia’s population increased from less than 100,000 to more than 1.2 million.

A Look at the Contributing Factors to Urbanization

One of the most important driving forces behind urbanization is industrialization. When the gears of the former are adjusted, it is inevitable that the latter will follow in its wake. Having said that, there are a few essential elements that come into play as part of the process of urbanization. Urbanization is a process that involves the growth of cities. A couple of them are as follows:

In most parts of the world, the first step toward urbanization is the construction of at least one manufacturing facility in an area. The majority of the time, however, there are several facilities that serve to certain requirements, such as the manufacture, production, and processing of natural resources, food, and textiles.

The establishment of one or more manufacturing facilities often accompanies the expansion of an urban center, which is one of the primary drivers of employment. As a consequence of this, a need for labor is created. Companies still require people to run, manage, and maintain their machines, despite the fact that machines may make the manufacturing process more easier and the output considerably quicker. This is accomplished via the use of competent workers.

Growth of the population as a result of natural causes occurs when, after relocating for employment and establishing themselves in their new communities, people have children and dig in their heels. Cities have no choice but to develop in order to accommodate the requirements of this inevitable increase in population.

The beginning of commercialization is marked by the beginning of factory manufacturing, which opens the door for shops and other service providers to sell their wares directly to the general public.

The formation of essential urban infrastructure is an essential component of the urbanization process. It is necessary for a city’s infrastructure to increase in proportion to its growing population. This includes the construction of roads and highways, the construction of schools and houses, the installation of various systems (such as sewage, water, and electricity), and the establishment of communication networks.

Complications Resulting From the Process of Urbanization

The concept of urbanization could seem appealing to some people. After all, it does clear the path for economic expansion as well as opportunities for both corporations and individual people. Nevertheless, there are certain downsides associated with it as well.

One of the most significant issues that arises as a result of urbanization is the inability of cities to keep up with the growth of their populations. This issue arises due to the fact that the influx of new people looking for work may far outweigh the employment opportunities that are currently available in these areas, as well as the natural growth of families. Both of these things have the potential to place a significant burden on the available resources.

The lack of resources, such as housing and other services, is another problem that exists. During the period of rapid urbanization that followed the Industrial Revolution, this phenomenon occurred in a number of different regions. Because there was a shortage of suitable housing during this time period, residents of large cities such as Chicago and New York were compelled to live in cramped tenements. This was a direct result of the Industrial Revolution. These buildings were created rapidly to satisfy the expanding need for housing; as a result, they were manufactured on a tight budget.5

Urbanization also results in a socio-economic gap, which implies that inequality is more severe in urban centers than in rural regions. This is because urban centers have a greater concentration of people. It’s not uncommon for those with the greatest authority to also have the most riches. Both opportunities and space are not dispersed in a uniform manner. This implies that residents in some places do not have access to viable educational opportunities, work opportunities, medical care, or housing options.

Following the Age of Industrialization Comes the Urban Age

As a result of industrialization’s contribution to increased economic activity, there is a growing need for the kind of better education and public works agencies that are typical of metropolitan regions. This need arises as a result of companies searching for new technologies to boost production, which necessitates an educated staff. Additionally, businesses in the region benefit from attractive living circumstances, which attract competent personnel.

The process of urbanization does not end after a region has been industrialized; rather, it continues for a much longer length of time as the region goes through numerous stages of economic and social development. Comparing a city in a nation with a lower level of development, such as Bangkok, with a city in the United States, such as Los Angeles, or a city in Europe, such as Berlin, is the most effective way to show how this idea works in practice. Increasing levels of education, improved levels of government involvement, and increased levels of social change have allowed each city to reach a better degree of social, environmental, and economic success than the one before it.

How do advancements in industrialization contribute to increases in the world’s population?

People have a tendency to travel to locations where there are more possibilities, and as industries started to appear in big cities, this caused a migration of people from rural areas to the cities itself.

On the other hand, this leads to the inevitable expansion of the human population. Also, keep in mind that having access to more options means having bigger economic prospects. As a consequence of this, individuals are able to afford to have bigger families as a result of their increased earning potential.

How has the country of China been affected by the rise of industrialization and urbanization?

The urbanization and industrialization of China have brought about repercussions that are both beneficial and detrimental for the country. Even though the massive expansion of China’s industrial sector has had a negative effect on the environment (in the form of pollution and the excessive use of land and water), the modernization and urbanization of major areas have resulted in an improvement in the standard of living for a large number of people who live in and around urban centers.

How did the rise of industry and urbanization impact the average size of a family?

The dynamics inside families were shifted as a result of industrialization and urbanization, particularly in the United States. Individual members of families transitioned from being factors of production to factors of consumption, which contributed to the beginning of a trend toward smaller family sizes.

It became more costly to maintain the family’s food resources when family members participated in the production of those supplies. It became necessary for families to have smaller family units in order for them to be economically viable.

The Crux of the Matter

According to the most current numbers provided by the United States Census Bureau, about 81 percent of the population of the United States resides in urban areas.

8 Today, major metropolitan areas such as New York, Los Angeles, Chicago, Miami, and Philadelphia are home to a disproportionately high number of people. When compared to the start of the 20th century, when less than half of the people in the nation called these regions home, this is a significant increase. The advent of urbanization, which occurred in the years after the Industrial Revolution, was largely responsible for the expansion of a number of these regions.

The role that the Industrial Revolution had in the expansion of urban areas

The period of rapid technological advancement in the United States that is known as the Industrial Revolution may have taken place during parts of the 18th and 19th centuries, but its impact reverberated for decades and had an effect on everything from food and clothing to travel and housing, particularly in urban areas.

Even though cities in the United States such as Boston, Philadelphia, New York City, and Baltimore certainly existed prior to the beginning of the Industrial Revolution, the growth of these cities was fueled by newly established mills, factories, and other sites of mass production. People flocked to urban areas in order to take advantage of job opportunities. However, this is just one aspect of the whole narrative.

As city populations continued to rise, the difficulty that these governments faced was figuring out how to manage the growth in the number of people living in their communities. The newly industrialized cities faced the danger of losing their population as well as the companies that employed them if problems such as the lack of available housing, overcrowding, and the spread of contagious diseases were not resolved as rapidly as possible. The following is what took place:

The Beginnings of the Age of Industry and Manufacturing

The beginning of the Industrial Revolution may be pinpointed to the middle of the 18th century in England. This was only a few decades after the nation had created its first steam-powered machines. The textile industry was the first to gain from newly developed technology, such as Richard Arkwright’s “water frame” (which he patented in 1769), James Hargreaves’ “spinning jenny” (which he invented in 1770), and Edmund Cartwright’s power loom (which he patented in 1770). (patented in 1786). Across the nation one may find factories that are capable of manufacturing cotton fabric in enormous quantities.

Samuel Slater, an Englishman, established a textile mill in Pawtucket, Rhode Island, in 1793. This was not long after British businessmen began to capitalize on the potential for manufacturing in the young United States. The process of industrialization in the United States proceeded with the help of technology that was established in England as well as new improvements, such as Eli Whitney’s cotton gin, which was patented in 1794.

The United States is the birthplace of urbanization.

In the second half of the 19th century, while the nation was still in the process of rebuilding after the Civil War, which had been its deadliest struggle to that point, the United States saw what is now known as the American (or Second) Industrial Revolution. During this same time period, waves of immigrants from Europe began coming in the United States in search of work. The majority of these immigrants sought employment in manufacturing firms located inside industrial cities.

According to Alan Singer, a historian at Hofstra University in Hempstead, New York, and the author of New York’s Grand Emancipation Jubilee, “After the Civil War, the United States gradually transformed from a largely rural agrarian society to one that was dominated by cities where large factories replaced small shop production.”

This transformation took place in the decades following the end of the war. “Industrial companies demanded big workforces, and employees and their families needed someplace to live near their places of employment. This resulted in the growth of cities.” Millions of people came to the United States in search of employment and a better life, and factories and cities were major draws for them.

However, according to Daniel Hammel, a professor in the Department of Geography and Planning at the University of Toledo and assistant dean of the College of Arts and Letters, the dominance of cities did not occur overnight. He continues, “Even at the height of the Industrial Revolution, the majority of Americans still called the countryside home.” Before the year 1920, the United States was mostly a rural country.

According to the results of the United States Census taken in 1920, metropolitan areas were home to more than fifty percent of the country’s population for the very first time. Even in such circumstances, according to Hammel, “we are not talking about big cities; we are talking about little villages, in many cases consisting of 2,500,000 or 3,000 individuals.”

Getty Images, Universal History Archive, and UIG contributed to the image.

In addition, the country’s railroad network had a period of tremendous growth throughout the 1870s. Before that time, in order for a city to function as a manufacturing center, it needed to be situated near a body of water, such as a port on the East Coast (such as New York City or Boston), one of the Great Lakes (such as Buffalo or Cleveland), a canal (such as Albany or Akron), or a river.

Examples of such cities include (like Cincinnati or Pittsburgh). Scranton, Indianapolis, and Dayton are examples of locations that do not have established water access; yet, because to the ongoing expansion of the railroad, these locations have the ability to transport and receive supplies and products.

The process of industrializing farming and agriculture

One of the unintended consequences of the Industrial Revolution was a change in the agricultural practices used in the United States, which in turn reduced the amount of manpower required to cultivate the land. According to Hammel’s explanation, “at one point in time, you required a big family to be able to cultivate your property.”

But as industrialization progressed, especially in the early part of the 20th century, agricultural output became more automated, and as a result, there was a reduced need for labor in rural regions. Because of this, young people who were no longer obligated to work on the family farm began looking for work in urban industries (or in some circumstances, were given the opportunity to do so).

According to Hammel, African American tenant farmers who lived in southern states were also impacted by the industrialization of agriculture. “All of a sudden, landlords didn’t need as many people working on their property any more, so they took [the tenant farmers] off of it,” he observes.

“This led to the tenant farmers being evicted from their properties.” And with that, the Great Migration had officially gotten its start. African Americans, in particular, relocated in large numbers from the Mississippi Delta, in particular, to the Midwestern cities between the years of then and the onset of World War II. The cities of Chicago, Milwaukee, Detroit, Cleveland, Kansas City, Pittsburgh, and New York were among the most frequented metropolitan destinations in the United States.

More people equals a greater number of issues.

The Industrial Revolution caused towns to grow into cities and caused existing cities to expand both in terms of population—with new arrivals from rural areas of the United States and Europe—and in terms of their geographic footprint, now that they were home to factories and other buildings required in manufacturing. This growth occurred on both sides of the Atlantic.

The majority of recently minted urbanites were drawn to the city primarily because of the work possibilities it offered; yet, this presented them with the challenge of needing to choose a place to call home. For many, this meant relocating into tight, gloomy tenement buildings; some of them were already regarded to be ancient, while others (especially in Chicago) were quickly put up and of very poor quality, according to Hammel’s research.

But at the same time, it’s important to note that population density isn’t an issue in and of itself, Hammel says. “There were incredibly affluent individuals living in really high density,” he continues. “They were also quite healthy.” But if you don’t have much money, the congestion mixed with the lack of light and the lack of ventilation in some of these tenements was a huge difficulty for you to contend with.

To be more specific, there was a problem with the public’s health, as Singer points out. “Rapid, unregulated urbanization meant overcrowding, substandard housing for working people, inadequate infrastructure (including water and sewage systems), and the spread of epidemic diseases like tuberculosis,” he notes. “Rapid, unregulated urbanization also meant that people were able to move around less.”

As time went on and people gained a deeper understanding of the factors that led to illness, municipalities gradually established public health departments with the mission of lowering the number of deaths and illnesses that can be avoided by enhancing sanitation, hygiene, infrastructure, housing, food and water quality, and the safety of the workplace.

Although progress has been made in many of these domains, much more needs to be done in others, the fact that society has made advances at all is a testament to the fact that the Industrial Revolution was the impetus behind the rapid urbanization of the United States.

F.A.Q Why did towns and cities grow during and after the industrial revolution

After the Industrial Revolution, why did towns and cities see such rapid population growth?

“Industrial companies demanded big workforces, and employees and their families needed someplace to live near their places of employment. This resulted in the growth of cities.” Millions of people came to the United States in search of employment and a better life, and factories and cities were major draws for them.

Why did towns and cities expand during and after the time period covered by the quizlet Industrial Revolution?

Because there were so many employment that opened up as a result of industrialization, a large number of people moved into the cities, which caused the population of those cities to quickly increase. This is one of the factors that leads to the expansion of cities. During the period of industrialization, one of the reasons why cities expanded was because of the proliferation of new companies that provided employment opportunities.

How did urban areas expand as a result of the Industrial Revolution?

The factory system was developed as a result of industrialization, which in turn contributed to the expansion of urban areas since it required huge numbers of people to relocate to cities in order to find employment within the factory system. The percentage of the population that resided in cities in England and Wales increased from 17 percent in 1801 to 72 percent in 1891 as a result of urbanization.

How did the advent of the Industrial Revolution affect the growth and development of cities and towns?

Rapid urbanization, sometimes known as the migration of people to cities, was a direct result of the Industrial Revolution. Large numbers of people left their rural homes and settled in urban areas as a result of changes in agricultural practices, skyrocketing population growth, and an ever-increasing need for laborers. The coal and iron mines in the area gave rise to the rapid urbanization of the surrounding local towns.

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