Why is it necessary to conserve our resources give three reasons? Habitats are in a state of continuous change as a result of both the naturally occurring dynamics and the impact of humans.
However, whereas ecosystems on earth are able to adapt to changes that occur naturally, changes that are imposed by people can have detrimental or even permanent consequences on the surrounding environment.
As more and more species go extinct and as more and more ecosystems get degraded, an increasing number of individuals are searching for solutions to preserve the resources we already have and to buck the trend.
One of these problems may be solved by direct action taken by members of the community and volunteer organizations.
To restore part of the ecological balance that people have disrupted and to preserve the natural world for the benefit of future generations.
To preserve the variety of species for both human benefit and the benefit of wildlife.
To facilitate learning and the pleasure of experiencing nature by providing chances for both.
The landscape we see today is the consequence of thousands of years of interaction by humans in the natural process of succession, beginning with Neolithic (4000 BC) clearing of the wildwood that covered much of the nation. This interaction led to the formation of the landscape we see today. The entire forest cover had most likely decreased by half by the Iron Age (500 BC), and it comprised around 15 percent of the terrain in the United Kingdom at the time that the Domesday Book was compiled (1086). This percentage had dropped to barely five percent before the start of the 20th century and has since increased to around thirteen percent of the land’s surface.
The ground that had been cleared and prepared for settlement was farmed in a variety of ways, ranging from arable and permanent pasture on land of excellent quality to rough grazing or hunting on territory that could not be cultivated due to waterlogging, poor soils, and low fertility. Plants and animals that had to relocate as a result of the clearing of wildwood were able to find new homes in managed woodlands, hedges, and so-called “wasteland.”
The transition from mixed farming to farming with permanent crop rotations has been the primary driver of habitat loss, especially during the last half-century. This shift has occurred concurrently with an increase in intense agricultural output.
Farmers have been able to raise their productivity and bring previously unusable land into arable use as a result of advances in agricultural technology, including more powerful equipment, more advanced agrochemicals, superior grain strains, and government subsidies.
Chemical herbicides and synthetic fertilizers with high potency end up in the soil and eventually get washed into the water supply. They reduce the number of species as well as the number of individuals, which has cumulative effects on the food chain. This results in the depletion of the countryside of the plants and animals that are at the base of complex food webs.
The impacts of commercial plantation forestry and the expansion in population, which led to the construction of houses, industry, and roads, have both contributed to the loss of semi-natural habitats. Moreover, these two factors have contributed to the reduction of natural habitats overall.
In the United Kingdom, 121,000 kilometers of hedgerows disappeared between the years 1947 and the 1990s. There are around 450,000 kilometers left, of which 190,00 are considered to be ancient or species-rich.
Since the end of the war, 97 percent of the country’s hay meadows have been tilled, reseeded, and fertilized to generate regions with just one or two types of grass.
The lowlands of England have lost around half of their ponds. Eighty percent of those who are still alive are in a critical state.
Seventy-two percent of butterfly species became extinct between the years 2001 and 2011, including “garden” butterflies that went extinct at a rate that was twenty-four percent lower.
Since the late 1960s, the United Kingdom has suffered the loss of something in the neighborhood of 44 million breeding birds (The condition of the UK’s birds (2012)).
Between the 1930s and 1984, there was a 97 percent decrease, or a total loss of 64,000 square kilometers, in the amount of lowland meadow that existed in England and Wales.
The amount of forest that had been coppiced decreased by at least 90 percent between the years 1900 and 1970.
Since 1800, it is believed that 80 percent of all of the United Kingdom’s lowland heathland has been gone.
Between the years 1800 and 1978, about 94% of the lowland raised mires in Britain were eradicated. The majority of those that are still standing have suffered damage.
Between the years 1940 and 1980, afforestation and drainage were responsible for the loss of 44 percent of Scotland’s blanket peat bog, which had worldwide significance.
It is imperative that habitats be preserved in order to maintain the genetic variety of the world’s plant, bird, animal, and insect species. Because a significant portion of specialized habitat has been eradicated, it is now necessary to set aside excellent examples as nature reserves and establish new regions with optimum circumstances in order to foster colonization.
The use of conservation techniques is very important. By way of illustration, the management of old woods via the practice of coppicing allows for the entry of light, which in turn supports an abundance of ground flora. In addition to this, it has wide, sunny rides and glades, which are essential for the reproduction of 29 different kinds of butterfly.
The removal of scrub from chalk downland helps to preserve the wide variety of ground flora that was initially produced as a result of poor soil fertility and the grazing of sheep and rabbits. There have been more than 40 species documented for every square meter.
It is imperative that certain ecosystems be preserved in order to ensure the continued existence of endangered species that are dependent on those habitats. The Dartford warbler, the sand lizard, and the smooth snake all need lowland heath as an important habitat.
Sometimes the methods that have been around the longest are the most effective ones for conserving resources and maintaining a connection to the past. The time-honored practices of hedgelaying, dry stone walling, and coppicing are often the most delicate ways to create circumstances in which many species might flourish. Although they may require a significant amount of labor, the participation of people reduces the amount of harm done to the ecosystems that are nearby.
When paired with archival records and archaeological findings, the distribution of species and habitats throughout the landscape may give invaluable insights into the history of human interaction with the land.
Wild service trees, forest hawthorns, small-leaved limes, and oxlips are some of the indicator plants that may be found in hedgerows. Other examples include remains of old woodland. The number of species found inside a hedgerow may assist determine its age, and sinuous hedgerows can disclose plough lines from the middle ages.
The presence of pollarded trees is often indicative of the existence of historical borders or the ruins of wood pasture. An indication of Celtic origin might be found in very tiny and irregularly shaped fields that are surrounded by dry stone walls made of enormous stones.
Over 80% of the population of the United Kingdom resides in urban areas, which are expected to encompass 11% of the country’s geographical mass by the year 2000. Studies conducted in metropolitan areas have indicated that individuals identify green landscapes and natural places with emotions of personal wellness, security, independence, and an escape from stressful situations. [Citation needed] When playing in more unstructured environments, children tend to be more creative.
It has been shown that the existence of natural places is directly correlated with psychological wellness, while the presence of disadvantaged areas is directly correlated with depression.
Enhancing one’s physical health is another possibility. Trees are essential to a healthy environment, especially in metropolitan areas because of their ability to trap pollutants in their leaves and enhance air quality.
Because of the possible benefits to human health, several medical professionals and botanists believe that no species should be permitted to go extinct. The medicine digitalis, which is used to treat cardiac conditions, was derived from a herbal cure that included the foxglove plant (Digitalis purpurea). It is likely that the local flora has a substance that might treat the symptoms of the common cold naturally.
People are able to visit the natural environment because to the network of 140,000 miles of public rights of way that can be found throughout the UK. Over seventy million people go to the nation’s national parks each year. The desire of people to spend time in natural settings is reflected in developments such as the establishment of community woods, the introduction of nature reserves, and the growth in the number of country parks.
In order to sustain this migration into natural areas, footpaths and bridleways need to be maintained so that they may continue to serve as access points while also safeguarding the local animals and the environments in which they live.
People have the opportunity to “do their bit” for the environment when conservation efforts are put into practice. The delegates who attended the Rio Earth Summit came to the conclusion that local communities need to be granted the authority to devise and organize their own solutions to global environmental issues such as the extinction of species and the destruction of forests. In addition, to address challenges related to sustainable development on a local level, such as housing, employment, and transportation linkages.
The protection of animals and the environments in which they live, as well as access to those places, carries a tremendous educational weight. It is essential that younger people get education on the significance of conserving various forms of wildlife. The conservation movement creates a direct connection between real-world application and academic inquiry, and environmental concerns are given significant weight in the U.S. educational system as a whole.
Living outdoor classrooms consisting of well-managed and diversified ecosystems, woods, and landscapes are more important than any text book and make long-lasting imprints on the brains of younger generations.
In the past, conservation was seen as a barrier to progress and was thus not thought to be economically feasible. Today, however, this view has begun to shift. However, there is a growing consensus that the price of losing species and the environments in which they live is too high of a price to pay, and so investments in the conservation of these ecosystems are required.
In certain instances, conservation might become an economically feasible choice thanks to the introduction of new incentives to preserve particular regions and take into account the worth of such places to species. In addition, tourism that is focused on people’s desires to visit locations of exceptional scenery and ‘natural’ beauty has the potential to create significant sums of cash in addition to brand new employment opportunities.
An effective management plan for conservation may also offer dividends on a more local scale. For instance, the estimated value of the standing timber in a lowland broadleaved forest that has been abandoned is 450 pounds per hectare, but a mature stand of broadleaved timber that has been maintained might be worth a great deal more!
Amateur naturalists and social reformers like Gilbert White, the Huxleys, and Octavia Hill were some of the earliest people to advocate for environmental protection. They held the belief that in order for a society to be considered civilized, its members needed to have access to the natural and constructed heritage as well as an education about the significance of this legacy.
Countryside access lobbies, such as the National Trust, RSPB, Ramblers Association, and municipal amenity organizations, advocated for the right to have unrestricted access to natural areas and open space, in addition to stressing the need of preserving these areas.
The primary focus of wildlife groups used to be the identification and protection of endangered species, but in recent decades, they have shifted their attention to the preservation of the environments in which these species live. It was clear from an early point in time that conservation was very necessary, not just for humans but also for animals.
By the year 1991, a combined total of 4.3 million people were members of the 10 biggest environmental and conservation nonprofit organizations that were run entirely by volunteers.
It is essential to practice resource conservation since many resources are limited and need the passage of millions of years to produce. The overuse of resources may eventually lead to their depletion. As a result, we have an obligation to preserve the environment. The term “conservation of resources” refers to the practice of making mindful use of limited supplies while also allowing enough time for their replenishment.
Because they are the primary source of our day-to-day need, the natural resources that we own need to be preserved. Because there are only so many of them, it is imperative that we preserve it… Keep in mind that our children and grandchildren will also use our natural resources. We may also contribute to its preservation by making efficient use of the resources we have and not wasting any of them.
The availability of resources is an essential component of any action involving development. However, issues may arise in both the socioeconomic and environmental spheres as a result of wasteful consumption and excessive resource use. It is vital to practice resource conservation on several levels in order to solve these difficulties.
Consumption of the world’s natural resources is on the rise as a direct result of the worrisome pace at which the global population is expanding. As a result, it is imperative that these resources be preserved in order to protect the environment and ensure their availability for future generations.