The colonization of Africa was part of a larger European movement that spanned all continents. The globe altered tremendously as a result of European colonization and dominance. And why were european countries interested in west africa and north africa
European countries wanted to keep their colonial dominance on the international stage, and they didn’t want one country to grow too dominant.
Natural riches in these African territories piqued the attention of European powers. Finally, European powers want to propagate their culture across the African territories they had conquered.
Africa seemed to be safe and offered a plentiful supply of raw commodities from which Europe might profit.
Europeans were able to readily get resources such as oil, ivory, rubber, palm oil, timber, cotton.. thanks to the inexpensive labor of Africans.
Due to the rise of the Industrial Revolution, these items became more important.
The Portuguese were the first to venture to West Africa in pursuit of gold. Prince Henry, the legendary Portuguese patron, paid the first Europeans to travel to Africa’s West Coast to trade in the hopes of bringing wealth to Portugal.
The colonization of Africa was seen by Europe as a chance to obtain a surplus population, therefore settler colonies were established. Following the invasion, many European nations regarded Africa as a resource they could use.
Colonization by Europeans
France, the United Kingdom, Spain, and Italy conquered North Africa in the 18th and 19th centuries.
By the early twentieth century, the French had gained control of the majority of what would become their colonial territory in West Africa (including present day Senegal, Mali, Burkina Faso, Benin, Guinea, Ivory Coast and Niger).
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